The Humanion Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18
September 24: 2017-September 23:2018
The Arkive
First Published: September 24: 2015
The Humanion






































































Society Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18

Year Gamma Q-Delta 2017: || January || February || March ||

September 24: 2017- September 23: 2018

The Humanion


Society Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18 || January || February || March ||


Socio-Economic Disadvantages Reduce Physical Function in Old Age



|| March 28: 2018 || ά. Low socio-economic position is linked to a deterioration in the quality of ageing, equivalent to a loss of four-seven years of good physical health by age 60. This is the conclusion of a study published in the BMJ by Lifepath, a project funded by the European Commission, which investigates the biological pathways underlying social differences in healthy ageing. Men aged 60 with lower economic status, e.g, working in manual occupations, had the same walking speed as men aged 66.6 with a higher economic status, e.g, working in non-manual occupations. Measured by walking speed, this is a 06.6-year loss of good physical function. Women lost 04.6 years, a smaller but still relevant decrease.

This negative impact was comparable to that provoked by other major risk factors: by age 60, insufficient physical activity led to a loss of 05.7 years in the function of men and 05.4 in women, while the reduction due to obesity was 05.1 for men and 07.5 for women. The loss ascribed to diabetes was, respectively, 05.6 and 06.3. The effect of other risk factors, such as, hypertension, 02.3 and three years of lost function and tobacco use, three and 0.7 years lost, was smaller. “Our study added further evidence to the role of poor social and economic circumstances as powerful risk factors, which, may, seriously, impact on healthy ageing.” says Ms Silvia Stringhini, Researcher at Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland and the Lead Author of the study.

“Previous studies have shown that different risk factors, including, socioe-conomic disadvantage, tend to cluster in the same individuals. However, our results suggest that the association of low occupational profile with physical functioning is not attributable to other risk factors.”

Lifepath researchers analysed data from 37 studies comprised of a total of 109,107 men and women aged between 45 and 90 years. The 24 countries involved were United Kingdom, United States America and countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. The researchers used walking speed as an indicator of physical function since it declines with age and is a good predictor of survival, hospital admission and cognitive decline.

To assess an individual’s socio-economic condition, the information of their last known occupational title was collected during enrolment. “Another relevant finding was the difference between high income countries on the one hand and low and middle income countries on the other, with the former showing higher number of years of functioning lost due to socio-economic disadvantage., says Professor Paolo Vineis at the Imperial College of London and Leader of the Lifepath project. “This could be due to regional differences in the social patterning of major risk factors, such as, physical inactivity, obesity and diabetes”.

Current global health policies are targeted towards established risk factors of health, such as, smoking and physical inactivity. The negative impact of these factors is, mainly, assessed using hard parameters, such as, mortality, while broader measures of wellbeing like physical function has received less attention so far.

“We should not limit our analysis to the length of our lives but, also, to the quality of our ageing.” says Professor Mika Kivimaki, at the University College London. “By focusing on healthy ageing and functional wellbeing, we aim to provide further evidence for broader health policies dealing with socio-economic adversity, in addition to standard risk factors”.

About Lifepath: Lifepath is an EU-funded project aimed to provide updated, relevant and innovative evidence for the relationship between social disparities and healthy ageing to lay ground for the development of future health policies and strategies. Lifepath experts develop an original study design, that integrates social science approaches with biology and big data analysis, using existing population cohorts and omics measurements.

The Paper: Socioeconomic status, non-communicable disease risk factors, and walking speed in older adults: multi-cohort population based study: BMJ ::: ω.

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The Heart and the Heart Health: Life and Death: The Larin Paraske Hypothesis



|| March 27: 2018: The Humanion and Elisa Lautala Writing from the University of Helsinki  || ά. Elisa Lautala: According to a recent study conducted in the University of Helsinki and the Finnish National Institute of Health and Welfare, social isolation is associated with death among those with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Even, though, conventional risk factors largely explain the links observed between loneliness or social isolation and cardiovascular diseases, having few social contacts remains an independent risk factor for death among those with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. This finding is presented in the largest study of its kind published online in the journal Heart. The Humanion begins this piece, arising out of what Ms Elisa Lautala presents in this piece about the heart. This piece is not in The Sanctum Mayakardium, where heart's issues are published, generally, because this relates to the heart of society in which we have set-out structure, system and mechanism of human affairs management, that ensure 'poverty' of all kinds and manners and in all spheres, levels, areas, arenas, spheres and spectra  of life in devastating scopes, depths and degrees, is distributed to the majority of humanity, that they are destined to exist and perish without, really, existing as 'humanity proper' but as existences, simply, wasting away in all forms of lack and paying the price for all that throughout all their lives. And this means that we are not speaking of 'poverty', simply, as an economic issue.

Referring readers to a little back in history, despite what his works and philosophy did to the world and for humanity, leaving all that aside, consider the horrendous life of utter, absolute and devastating life of sheer poverty in which Karl Marx and his family existed and paid the highest price, all of them, the little ones died early and quickly but the surviving ones got 'slaughtered' along the way so much that it was beyond their 'resources' to keep on trying to exist in that 'post-slaughtered' life and existence for too long!  And, yet, here we are, trying to tell this world, it is 'poverty', that slaughters humanity: poverty of all kinds, forms and manners, including, all forms and manners of disconnects, disconnections and isolations. The heart is not just a physiological mechanism; it is the sanctum cardium of life: where human soul's sanctum is, where emotional intelligence is created and maintained and, that is why, whatever happens to this physiology it impacts on that heart; whatever happens to the 'wider ecology' of the wider spheres of realities outside it, impacts on it and it can not but get affected by all that. But our systems do not acknowledge that and think that these have no 'impact and that any physiological issue can be 'dealt with' by medication and surgery etc!

But Of the Trillions of Cells in the Human Physiology One Cut Out From the Rest Can Not Exist But Shall Perish Suffering: Humans Must Learn to Accept That the Entire Humankind is One Metaphorical Physiology in Which Each Human Soul is Such a Cell: Therefore, Humanity Exists in a  Double-Sphere Soul: As an Individual and as integral, vital and paramount part of the Whole-Common-Community-Ecology of All Individuals in One Unity of Humanity: A Human Soul is like a Fish in the Vast Ocean of This Humanity: Take the Fish Out of That Ocean and See What Happens to It: Alone It Can Not Exist and Will Perish Suffering Alone: This is what we are calling The Larin Paraske Hypothesis and You Look Out and Observe and See How This is Validated Across Life's Spectrum Everyday, Everywhere and Everywhile: But Capitalism Won't Accept It for It Has Got Its Very Own Market-god with Its Very Own Temple: Greed. Why are we calling this Larin Paraske Hypothesis? Read reader and you shall find that it was not just Karl Marx, who existed in desperate poverty; Larin Paraske did exist in such poverty and suffered a great length of her existence in that desperate state, despite being an encyclopaedic soul of a talent and human being; so did many other greatest of human souls and artists and authors, composers and musicians. So, With this Hypothesis we pay tribute to her greatness of soul and invite souls to know about Larin Paraske, who was so rich she could fill the entire Universe with her poetry, her recitals and her musical renderings of the voices of our ancestors!

Elisa Lautala: The research was led by Professor Marko Elovainio from the University of Helsinki and drew on data from nearly 480,000 people aged between 40 and 69, who were all part of the UK Biobank study. According to the auhroes, previous research has increasingly highlighted links between loneliness and social isolation with cardiovascular disease. However, most of these studies have been small, with few other, potentially, influential factors considered.

In this study, the participants were tracked for an average of seven years. They, also, provided detailed information on their educational attainment, household income, lifestyle and depressive symptoms and were asked a series of questions to gauge their levels of social isolation and loneliness. Nearly 10% of respondents were deemed to be socially isolated and 06% lonely. Both of these groups were more likely to have underlying long-term conditions and to be smokers. Those, who were lonely reported more depressive symptoms.

Social isolation was associated with approximately 40% higher risk of first time heart attack or stroke when age, sex and ethnicity were factored in. When behavioural, psychological, health and socio-economic factors were taken into account, these factors accounted for most of the increased risk and the initial association was no longer significant.

Similar results were observed for loneliness and risk of first time heart attack or stroke. However, for those with existing cardiovascular disease, social isolation was associated with increased risk of death, when the other known factors were considered. ''This is an observational study so no firm conclusions can be drawn about cause and effect'' assert the authors of the study Professor Elovainio and Mr Christian Hakulinen.

''However, the size and representative nature of the study prompt us to conclude that the findings indicate that social isolation, similarly to other risk factors, such as, depression, can be regarded as risk factor for poor prognosis of individuals with cardiovascular disease.

The Paper: Social isolation and loneliness as risk factors for myocardial infarction, stroke, and mortality: UK Biobank cohort study of 479 054 men and women. DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2017-312663

Further information: Christian Hakulinen: University of Helsinki: tel. +358 50 4482041: email: christian.hakulinen at
Marko Elovainio: University of Helsinki and National Institute of Health and Welfare: tel. +358 50 3020621: marko.elovainio at :::

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New Research Finds the National Citizenship Service Aids Integration: Youth Development Must Be at the Heart of Any Social Cohesion and Regeneration Drive: For the Question of Integration Does Not Arise Unless Society's Individual Members Come Together and Interact and Interchange and Through It All They Get Connected and Integrated to the Living Ecology of a Civic Society: Like a Garden a Civic Society Must Be Created Nurtured Fostered and Maintained: This Requires Continuous Visionary Commitment Investment and Drive




|| March 20: 2018  || ά. New research has found that the National Citizen Service scheme has a positive impact on the social integration of young people from all ethnic and religious backgrounds but, particularly, those from the most segregated communities. National Citizen Service:NCS is a national civic and social engagement scheme for young people, which was launched in 2011 by the than-Prime Minister Mr David Cameron as part of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government's ‘Big Society’ initiative.

The scheme brings together 16 and 17 year olds from different backgrounds to support their transition into adulthood through team-building activities and community projects, with nearly 400,000 teenagers having taken part so far. Dr James Laurence, from the University of Manchester’s Cathie Marsh Institute for Social Research, has worked with NCS to investigate whether the organisation’s activities are effective at building social integration and looked closely at young people’s attitudes towards people from other ethnic groups and their positive experiences of mixing with these other groups.

He found that participating on the scheme helps to build social integration among young people from all ethnic and religious backgrounds. However, he discovered that the scheme is, particularly, effective for young people, who come from the most segregated or disadvantaged communities, where social integration is, often, weakest. Participants from these backgrounds saw the biggest improvements in their attitudes towards other ethnic groups and how frequently they mixed with them after taking part in the scheme.

“It is clear from these findings that NCS has a valuable role to play in helping to close the gaps in social integration between young people in society.” said Dr Laurence. “By bringing peers from different backgrounds together in environments, where they work as a team, NCS helps to overcome barriers and build the kinds of bridges, which help foster social integration. The report shows how youth engagement schemes like NCS should form an important part of any toolkit to build integration in society.''

“We have been delighted with this independent report, which confirms that NCS is having a profound impact in creating a more cohesive society by fostering greater integration between young people of different backgrounds, particularly, those, who were least integrated, initially.” said Mr Stephen Webster, Head of Research at NCS.

“NCS has now supported nearly 400,000 16-17 year olds through the programme, helping them to develop friendships across social divides to support a more cohesive, mobile and engaged society.”

Read the Report::

Caption: Cover Image of the Report: Image: University of Manchester ::: ω.

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Working Poverty: A Quarter Quarter of People Living in Workless Households Continue to Live in Poverty: Getting Into Work Does Not Seem to Take People Out of Poverty


|| March 15: 2018: Cardiff University News || ά. One quarter of people living in workless households continue to live in poverty, even, if, they gain a worker, according to analysis by Cardiff University academics. The research into in-work poverty by Dr Rod Hick of the University’s School of Social Sciences, along with Dr Alba Lanau of the University of Bristol, also, found families with children and lone parents disproportionately fell into this group. The paper, ‘Moving In and Out of In-work Poverty in the UK: An Analysis of Transitions, Trajectories and Trigger Events’, is based on an analysis of in-work poverty following households over a four year period, between 2010:11 and 2013:14.

The research finds that there is a lot of movement in and out of in-work poverty. Changes to circumstances, which can lift a household out of poverty include a rise in wages or an increase in the number of people working. However, the paper, also, highlights the unstable nature of work for some in poverty. According to the findings, people living in poor, working households are three times more likely to become workless than those in working households that are not classed as poor. When looking at in-work poverty by regions, the analysis found Northern Ireland was the area of the UK, where people are more likely to enter working poverty and less likely to exit, compared to people living in England.

Dr Hick said, “While working poor families are, indeed, working, their position is on average more vulnerable and precarious compared to those higher up the income distribution. Losing a worker or working fewer hours, is something, that they can scarcely afford and these negative shocks help to explain the transition to worklessness.

On the other hand, for too many workless families, finding work does not lift them out of poverty. In both cases, policy needs to support those with a weak labour market attachment and, especially, families with children. Only when this becomes a reality can work truly be said to guarantee a route out of poverty.”

The Paper: Moving In and Out of In-work Poverty in the UK: An Analysis of Transitions, Trajectories and Trigger Events: Rod Hick and Alba Lanau: Journal of Social Policy::ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Cash Rewards Have a Positive Impact on Low Income Families’ Health in New York City: New Study Finds: The Other Way to Put This Is This: Eradicate Poverty and Give People an Education to Be Able to Live Happy and Healthy Life: Not Cash Transfers as Rewards But Universal Income as Foundational Human Right: The Humanion


|| March 11: 2018 || ά. Lifepath is an EU-funded project aimed to provide updated, relevant and innovative evidence for the relationship between social inequalities and healthy ageing to lay ground for the development of future health policies and strategies. Lifepath experts develop an original study design, that integrates social science approaches with biology and big data analysis, using existing population cohorts and omics measurements. Lifepath announced the publication of its new study on the health impacts of Opportunity NYC: Family Rewards, a conditional cash transfer programme in New York City aimed at improving population health by making cash transfers conditional on engaging in a number of activities, including, school attendance, preventive health care use and employment participation for parents.

Family Rewards was the first conditional cash transfer programme for low income families in the US. The study, published in the March issue of Health Affairs, a leading health policy journal, found that Family Rewards had small but meaningful effects on the use of some preventive health services, especially, dental care. In addition, the programme had a positive impact on parents’ perceptions of their health, as well as, their level of hope, mainly, through improvements in reported financial well being. This study is a collaboration between King’s College London, Columbia University and MDRC, a non-profit, social policy research organisation, as part of Lifepath, a project with the aim of investigating the biological pathways underlying social differences in healthy ageing.

Dr. Emilie Courtin, Research Fellow at the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, King’s College London and her colleagues found that participation in the programme was associated with an increased probability of having had at least two dental check ups in the past year, by 13% in adults and by almost 15% in children 42 months after the programme started. This is a very important effect, as oral health care is one of the largest unmet health care needs in the US and the single largest among children. Family Rewards, also, had positive effects on health insurance coverage and receiving treatment for any medical condition.

Participants were, also, less likely to forgo medical care due to cost. These effects translated into modest improvements in health status as measured by parental self rated health and level of hope.

Family Rewards was created by the New York City’s Centre for Economic Opportunity, now NYC Opportunity, in partnership with MDRC and Seedco. It was privately funded and offered to more than 4,700 low income families in six of New York City’s most deprived communities, two each in the boroughs of the Bronx, Brooklyn and Manhattan.

It operated from 2007 to 2010 and distributed a total of $20.6 million in cash transfers to participating families, with an average of $8,674 per household. So far, the programme had, already, shown positive effects regarding reduction in poverty and material hardship and improvement in perceived financial wellbeing and graduation rates for children. This new study further explores its effects on health and health care use.

“On top of New York City’s strong existing social safety net, Family Rewards has led to some improvements in health care access and perceived health of poor families.” said Dr. Emilie Courtin, Lead Author of the study. “A key strength of the study is its design. Family Rewards was evaluated in a randomised controlled trial, the gold standard for finding out, if, a programme like this works.”

Conditional cash transfer programmes are becoming a prevalent policy for improving the education and health outcomes of poor children in developing countries, since their introduction in Mexico and Brazil in 1997. They have been implemented with the support of the World Bank and other international financial institutions in many countries, particularly, in South East Asia and Latin America.

Conditional cash transfer programmes aim to increase human capital investment among poor households to break the intergenerational transmission of poverty and generate individual, as well as, societal benefits. Interventions across Latin America have led to significant increases in the use of health services, including, the number of visits to health facilities and receipt of prenatal care and paediatric examinations.

Evidence shows that the interventions have, also, improved some health outcomes, in particular, developmental, nutritional and cognitive measures among children.

“Strong evidence on what works and, also, what doesn’t work, is essential for understanding the potential and limitations of conditional cash transfer programme.” said Mr James Riccio of MDRC.

“Conditional cash transfer programmes have been increasingly popular in low and middle income countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia.” said Professor Paolo Vineis, Chair of Environmental Epidemiology within the School of Public Health at Imperial College London  and Co-ordinator of the Lifepath Project. “However, programmes with different types of behavioural conditionality are, also, gaining ground in various developed countries. Our study can help bring lessons, positive and negative and inform the design of similar experiments in Europe.” ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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It Is Always In The Light Of The Pen Where Resides Humanity's Future: For Woman: For Man










01: Maxine Mackintosh: MD: Health Tech Women UK: 02: Dr Dava J Newman: Deputy Administrator: NASA: 03: Baroness Sheila Hollins UK: 04: Ikponwosa Ero: UN Expert on Albinism: 05: Irene Joliot-Curie







Combating Violence Against Women Together

|| March 06: 2018: Annika Saarikko Writing || ά. In December last year, Finland's Prime Minister Mr Juha Sipilä announced the recipient of the International Gender Equality Prize. The prize goes to Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel in recognition of her career and her commitment to women and girls globally.

Today at Tampere Hall the prize money will be awarded to the organisation SOS Femmes et Enfants Victimes de Violence Familiale, the cause chosen by Chancellor Merkel. The organisation is combating violence against women and children in Niger.

There could not be a better cause to receive the prize money. Reducing violence against women is one of the key targets of Finland’s equality policy. A lot has happened since Finland ratified the Istanbul Convention of the Council of Europe in 2015: the appropriations for shelters for victims of domestic violence were increased considerably, a 24:7 helpline for victims of domestic violence and their families and friends was launched and a low-threshold support centre was established for victims of sexual violence.

The funding for shelters has been increased by 52 per cent during the current government term alone, EUR 11.55 million in 2015 and EUR 17.55 million in 2018.

It is important to have a global perspective on gender-based violence. Finland has been advocating the UN resolution on Women, Peace and Security for a long time, already, to reinforce women’s participation and the gender perspective in crisis management and conflict prevention, among other objectives. War, too, has gender-based consequences.

We, in Finland, know this from our own experience. One hundred years ago, Finland was a poor country fighting a civil war. Violence was commonplace, and, even, women and girls bore their share of the cruelties of war. Today, we and our affluent Finland, have the obligation to promote gender equality and non-violence across the globe. It is the reason why we created the International Gender Equality Prize. It is, also, the reason why we gather here in Tampere to celebrate our global collaboration to promote the rights of women and girls.

Annika Saarikko is Finland's Minister for Family Affairs and Social Services:: ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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New IFS Analysis: Who Benefits From Benefits

|| March 02: 2018 || ά. Debates about welfare policy, often, discuss benefit recipients, as though, they are a fixed, relatively small group of people. In reality, people’s circumstances fluctuate frequently over their lifetimes, often, dramatically and in ways, that matter hugely for entitlements to benefits. People’s health changes, they move in and out of work, their earnings vary and children come and go. In new research published yesterday in the Journal of Economic Inequality, IFS researchers use data, which tracks the same individuals over long periods of time to provide a longer-run perspective on people’s interactions with the benefits system.

Two key findings are that: While, only about a fifth of people report receiving one of the UK’s main working-age means-tested benefits, at any one time, more than half do so over an 18-year period; While out of work benefits look much more effective at directing money to the poorest in any one year, looked at over a lifetime work-contingent benefits are at least as effective at supporting the lifetime poor. This observation discusses the key findings in more detail. First, the data show that people’s circumstances are subject to so much change that summaries of who gets what at a snapshot in time can miss a huge amount of what’s going on.

For example, while, at any point in time, only, about a fifth of individuals report being in a family receiving one of the UK’s main working-age means-tested benefits, more than half of people report receiving such a benefit at some point over an 18-year period, the longest observable using this data. Because these estimates are based on survey data, which tends to under-record benefit claims, the true figure is likely to be higher still.

This tells us that the working-age benefits system is, actually, providing support to a very broad group of people, the majority, in fact. It’s just that this support is, typically, concentrated during particular stages of life, for example, when one has dependent children or is experiencing a spell of unemployment or low earnings and people pass through those stages at different points in time. Considered together with the tax system, which people tend to pay into more during periods of higher income, much of what the system is doing is redistributing resources across periods of life, rather than between individuals.

Of course, this redistribution across life is, even, greater, when one considers the retirement period, too, a stage in which many people start receiving cash transfers from the state after being net contributors to the system during their working lives. Clearly, this sense of perspective is important. Having an accurate sense of what the benefits system is really doing from a lifecycle perspective is necessary if one is to have sensible debates about its subjective fairness.

In addition, taking a lifecycle rather than a snapshot view of who gets what can lead us to very different conclusions about the relative effects of different policy options. Consider a government contemplating equally costly increases to out-of-work benefits, e.g, jobseeker’s allowance and work-contingent benefits, e.g, Working Tax Credit. When assessed at a snapshot in time, increases to out of work benefits appear easily the more progressive.

However, many people on out of work benefits at one point in time are out of work temporarily and, are, in fact, not at the bottom of the lifetime income distribution: they had higher incomes in the past or will have higher incomes in future. Conversely, many of those with the lowest lifetime incomes tend to spend much of their working-age life in paid work. As a result, they will still, on average, gain considerably from increases to work-contingent benefits.

One of the basic functions of the welfare system is to provide a safety net for those in short-term hardship, so we do care about snapshot distributional impacts, as well as, longer term ones. But this does highlight how important it is for policymakers to be clear about whether the distributional objective behind a given policy changes is the alleviation of short term hardship or the redistribution of lifetime resources. While, there, may be, good reasons to pursue both, the most effective policy option and the individuals, who will be affected, can depend greatly on which is prioritised.

Who benefits from benefits: By Robert Joyce and Barra Roantree of The Institute for Fiscal Studies: ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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 Snow: February 27: 2018






Breaking Barriers to Higher Education: Disability Can Not Be Let to Stop Young People Following Higher Education

|| February 19: 2018: University of Strathclyde News || ά. Young people, who have a learning disability, will have the opportunity to attend one of Scotland’s most prestigious universities following the launch of a new project by the University of Strathclyde, leading charity ENABLE Scotland and national employer Scottish Power. Eight learners aged 18-24 will have the opportunity to study for a Certificate in Applied Business Skills at Strathclyde Business School and gain valuable skills and work experience with Scottish Power.

The programme, called, Breaking Barriers, aims to raise aspirations for people, who have a learning disability and provide equal opportunities to access university. The most recent figures available from the Scottish Government show that at the end of the 2015:16 school year, only 04.4% of Scotland’s school leavers, 56 out of 1,266 school leavers, who have a learning disability went on to Higher Education. Data shows that for the same period, 40% of all school leavers went on to Higher Education in Scotland. And this shows how vastly people with disabilities are disadvantaged and why this must be attempted to be changed in favour of the people with disabilities so that they can follow the course of higher education without barriers stopping them.

Alongside support from ENABLE Scotland, the Breaking Barriers learners will have a ‘buddy’ to help them make the most of their time at the University, providing friendship and assisting with studies. They will have access to the library, sports centre and Student Union. The learners will attend lectures and tutorials over a period of eight weeks during, which they will learn about digital and social media marketing, people management and customer service. Following this time on campus, their learning will be put into practice through an eight week work placement with Scottish Power.

Upon graduation alongside other students from SBS at a ceremony in November, each learner will receive 20 credit points at SCQF level four and a Certificate in Applied Business Skills. Professor Sir Jim McDonald, Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Strathclyde, said, “As the ‘place of useful learning’, Strathclyde is committed to being socially progressive. This, also, means being inclusive and opening Higher Education to all, so we are delighted to be pioneering the Breaking Barriers initiative.

This is the first University-led programme for people with learning disabilities and will help to build the skills and enhance the job opportunities of the participating students.”

Mr Hamish Watson, HR Director of Scottish Power, said, “At Scottish Power, we’re committed to creating a diverse and inclusive environment, where differences are valued. We’re proud to be a part of such an exciting new programme and to provide real corporate work experience for these young people.”

Ms Theresa Shearer, Chief Executive of ENABLE Scotland, said, “We know that people, who have a learning disability are less likely to go on to higher education, which can have a huge impact on their career and life ambitions.

Following the success of our award-winning ‘IncludED in the Main’ campaign to improve the school experience for pupils, who have learning disabilities, we are delighted to launch Breaking Barriers and extend the opportunities for young people, who have a learning disability to realise their ambitions and full potential through Higher Education.

Each of our inspirational learners is truly breaking barriers and I hope, many more students will follow in their footsteps as we work towards an equal society for every person, who has a learning disability.”

The Breaking Barriers programme was launched at an event at the University of Strathclyde on Wednesday, February 07. ω.

Caption: Image: University of Strathclyde

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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People with Learning Disabilities Have a Greater Number of Illnesses Than Previously Understood


|| February 12: 2018: University of Glasgow News || ά. People with learning disabilities are suffering from a far greater number of illnesses than had been previously understood, adding to concerns that life-threatening conditions are being routinely missed.‌‌ A new study, published in BMJ Open, based on detailed clinical assessments of over 1,000 adults found that nearly all of them suffered from ‘multi-morbidity’ or the co-existence of different health conditions ranging from obesity, constipation to poor eyesight, with rates far higher than previously thought. These findings, by the Scottish Learning Disabilities Observatory follow concerns that people with learning disabilities are dying from treatable conditions.

Previous studies in the UK and internationally reporting on multi-morbidity have not gone into the level of detail seen in this research. Dr Deborah Kinnear, Research Fellow at the Observatory, called for greater awareness amongst clinicians and carers of the types of conditions, that are commonly experienced by adults with learning disabilities. “Understanding both the types of conditions, that people with learning disabilities experience and the fact that they are more likely to experience a greater combination of these conditions is vital if we are to provide effective treatment and stop people dying from preventable illnesses. Clinicians and carers, may, sometimes, miss conditions or misattribute symptoms to the individual’s learning disabilities, also, known as, diagnostic overshadowing.

This can be compounded by communication difficulties experienced by people with learning disabilities and the fact that conditions experienced by people with learning disabilities differ to those commonly seen in the general population.” Dr Kinnear said. This unique study analysed the results of detailed clinical assessments of 1,023 adults with learning disabilities in Scotland.

Over 98.7% of people were found to have more than one physical health condition and the average number of conditions for each person was 11 with one person having 28 co-existing health conditions. Some of the most common conditions found among study participants were: visual impairment, obesity, epilepsy, constipation and movement disorders. Many of these conditions are painful, disabling and can be, potentially, life threatening. But with effective identification and care the majority could have been prevented or treated.

The research was led by the Scottish Learning Disabilities Observatory, which is funded by the Scottish Government and based in the Institute of Health and Wellbeing at the University of Glasgow.

Professor Anna Cooper, Director of the Observatory, said: “These findings are important because they highlight critical differences in the pattern of health for the population with learning disabilities, with people in this population experiencing, on average 11 different conditions at any one time.

The average age of the people assessed was only 43 years so we are seeing complex combinations of health problems arising for people with learning disabilities across all ages, young and old. These findings should help NHS organisations to provide improved care pathways for people with learning disabilities.'' ω.

The Paper: Prevalence of physical conditions and multimorbidity in a cohort of adults with intellectual disabilities with and without Down syndrome: cross-sectional study: Deborah Kinnear, Jill Morrison, Linda Allan, Angela Henderson, Elita Smiley, Sally-Ann Cooper

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Student Wellbeing Study Highlights Prevalence of Mental Health Issues Among Young People


|| February 04: 2018: Ulster University News || ά. A recent student wellbeing study has shown high prevalence of mental health issues among undergraduate students commencing university. Ulster University research findings will help assist in the development and implementation of protection and prevention strategies in the university setting and beyond. The study found that more than half of new undergraduates, who took part had reported experiencing a mental health issue at some point during their life.

The most common problems included panic attacks, 41.2%, suicidality, 31%, major depressive episode, 24.2% and generalised anxiety disorder, 22.6%. The study, also, found that rates were higher among LGBT students and those experiencing financial difficulties. Lead Author of the study, Ulster University Professor Siobhan O’Neill said, “Mental health and behavioural problems are common among students commencing university. University life can be stressful; for some students existing mental health issues intensify during the course of their studies while others will develop disorders for the first time.

This study provides important information for universities, policy makers and healthcare professionals on mental health and wellbeing in young people in general and particularly for students starting university. We hope that our findings will assist in the development and implementation of mental health protection and prevention strategies in both the university setting and beyond.”

The second part of the study is still ongoing. Each participant provided a saliva sample which researchers are using to look for biological and DNA predictors of mental illness and suicidal behaviour. The study is part of the WHO World Mental Health Surveys International College Student Project which aims to conduct longitudinal research to examine and monitor student health and wellbeing.

Mental health and wellbeing is a priority for Ulster University. The new £05 million Institute of Mental Health Sciences is taking a multi-disciplinary approach to mental health research. Scientists across different disciplines will examine the genetic underpinnings of mental health all the way through to how mental health issues can be alleviated through interventions promoting physical exercise.

Student Support at Ulster University provide a range of professional services, including mental health support, designed to help students cope with any problems that may arise and ensure they make the most of their university experience.

Ulster University students, staff and alumni are, also, focusing on mental health via the Mind Your Mood initiative. Mind Your Mood is a student-led mental health campaign designed to improve the emotional wellbeing of students and tackle the social stigmas associated with seeking support.

Last year, a major fundraising initiative, supported by staff, students and alumni, raised over £35,000 for Mind Your Mood. These funds are being invested in a range of programmes designed to support student mental health. ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Innovating for Ageing: Just and ILC-UK Launch New Initiative to Develop Creative Solutions for Tackling Vulnerability in Later Life


|| January 17: 2017 || ά. A new initiative has been launched today to identify solutions to the growing problem of vulnerability in later life, which will bring together experts, innovators and groups, who work to support vulnerable consumers. The project will seek to identify and support the development of products and services, that will address the challenges faced by ageing consumers at risk of vulnerability due to physical disability, serious illness, dementia or financial exclusion.

Innovating for Ageing is being led by the International Longevity Centre:ILC-UK, with the support of specialist financial services group Just. ILC-UK and Just plan to: Bring together innovators and designers with groups representing vulnerable consumers;  Promote better understanding of the issues; Identify solutions to specific problems facing vulnerable consumers; Organise events and awards to recognise collaboration and new thinking; Identify and highlight key lessons and good practice; Report back on public policy implications.

Mr David Sinclair, Director of ILC-UK, said that he was keen to talk to individuals and organisations keen to participate in the Innovating for Ageing initiative. He said, ''Our ageing society is a driver for increasing levels of vulnerability, more people with dementia, with sight and hearing loss and multiple long-term health conditions, for example.

This project aims to seek out technological and policy innovations and solutions, with an aim to removing barriers and, ultimately, rethinking the products and services, that are available on the market.”

Mr Stephen Lowe, Group Communications Director at Just, said that research by the Financial Conduct Authority suggests that half of UK consumers, more than 25 million people, currently show 'one or more characteristics of potential vulnerability', indicating the scale of the issue.

The FCA is calling on industry to lead the way in delivering better products and services,” he said. “This project will be a rallying point for those seeking to respond to the challenges set by FCA and to address the issues vulnerable consumers face, so that they are better treated and get better outcomes when interacting with the market.”

The launch responds to increasing scrutiny of how financial services companies are addressing vulnerability. The FCA has argued the market 'is not serving many consumers in vulnerable circumstances consistently or well' and that 'customers in vulnerable circumstances are being let down'.

Innovating for Ageing aims to respond to the vision set out in by the FCA in its recent Our Future Approach to Consumers document, which calls on the financial services industry to better support vulnerable customers.

It said it wants to see: Consumers that are enabled to buy the products and services they need because the environment in which they are sold is clear, fair and not misleading, with a good choice architecture;  High-quality, good value products and services that meet consumers’ needs; Inclusion, where everyone is able to access the financial products they need and the needs of vulnerable consumers are taken into account;
Protection, consumers are appropriately protected from harm.

About Just: Just Group Plc is a FTSE-listed specialist UK financial services company created by the merger of Just Retirement Group and Partnership Assurance Group. A leader in the individual retirement income, care and defined benefit de-risking markets, Just has been trusted to manage over £15 billion of customers’ retirement savings and has helped customers release over £03.5 billion from their properties.

Just provides a wide range of products, advice and professional services to individual customers, financial intermediaries, corporate clients and pension scheme trustees. 

About ILC-UK: The International Longevity Centre UK:ILC-UK is a futures organisation focussed on some of the biggest challenges facing Government and society in the context of demographic change. We ask difficult questions and present new solutions to the challenges and opportunities of ageing. We undertake research and policy analysis and create a forum for debate and action.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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The Lake Eden Eye





The Window of the Heavens Always Open and Calling: All We Have to Do Is: To Choose to Be Open, Listen and Respond




Imagine a Rose-Boat

Imagine a rose floating like a tiny little boat on this ocean of infinity
And raise your soul-sail on this wee-little boat and go seeking out
All along feed on nothing but the light that you gather only light
Fear shall never fathom you nor greed can tempt nor illusion divert
For Love you are by name by deeds you are love's working-map



Only in the transparent pool of knowledge, chiselled out by the sharp incision of wisdom, is seen the true face of what truth is: That what  beauty paints, that what music sings, that what love makes into a magic. And it is life: a momentary magnificence, a-bloom like a bubble's miniscule exposition, against the spread of this awe-inspiring composition of the the Universe. Only through the path of seeking, learning, asking and developing, only through the vehicles and vesicles of knowledge, only through listening to the endless springs flowing beneath, outside, around and beyond our reach, of wisdom, we find the infinite ocean of love which is boundless, eternal, and being infinite, it makes us, shapes us and frees us onto the miracle of infinite liberty: without border, limitation or end. There is nothing better, larger or deeper that humanity can ever be than to simply be and do love. The Humanion









Poets' Letter Magazine Archive Poetry Pearl

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The Humanion Online Daily from the United Kingdom for the World: To Inspire Souls to Seek

A Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd Publication: Support The Foundation

At Home in the Universe : One Without Frontier. Editor: Munayem Mayenin

All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom: Contact Address: editor at thehumanion dot com

First Published: September 24: 2015

The names, some without images, and the images used on the Home Page of The Humanion of these astonishing human  beings, a tiny representation of the human endeavours, whose lives and works not only enriched and enhanced humanity in the past but will continue to do so in the future. The images and names are placed in random order. This is meant to be our effort to create a 'portrait of humanity' and we hope you take it as such. And let this be an open invite to everyone to learn more about these names and their works.

The Humanion Online Daily at Home in the Universe: One Without Frontier: To Inspire Souls to Seek