The Humanion Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18
September 24: 2017-September 23:2018
The Arkive
First Published: September 24: 2015
The Humanion






































































Society Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18

September 24: 2017- September 23: 2018

Year Gamma Q-Gamma 2018: || April || May || June ||


The Humanion


Year Gamma Q-Gamma 2018: || April || May || June ||


Barnardo’s Calls for Joined Up Approach and Multi-Agency Working to Ensure Children and Young People Who are Abused Coerced Exploited and Forced Into Crimes Get the Necessary and Vital Support and Are Not Treated as Criminals



|| June 27: 2018 || ά. Barnardo’s, the leading children’s charity, is seeing increasing numbers of cases of children at risk of multiple dangers, including, sexual and criminal exploitation. Nearly 60 per cent of Barnardo’s services describe supporting a young person involved in crime in the past year, a survey of the charity’s managers representing 370 services showed. Of those, nearly, three quarters thought that the young person had been coerced, controlled, deceived or manipulated by others into criminal activity. More than 60 per cent of the total said that in their experience children, who were criminally exploited were, also, the victims of sexual abuse.

And 80 per cent thought that technology played an important role in enabling criminal exploitation. More than a third of managers said that in their experience criminal exploitation was increasing, just one per cent said that it was decreasing. Some of these young people are forced to carry weapons, carry and sell drugs, go missing and end up in other parts of the country and are subjected to sexual exploitation and abuse, according to the findings announced in advance of Barnardo’s Annual Parliamentary Reception at Portcullis House, Westminster tonight, Wednesday, June 27, which will be attended by the Home Secretary Mr Sajid Javid.

To tackle the issue, Barnardo’s is calling for agencies, such as, the police, education, health and social care, to work together on a joint approach, that recognises the long-term nature of the abuse, exploitation and trauma these children experience and, also, that they are, often, coerced into criminal activity.

Mr Javed Khan, Chief Executive of Barnardo’, said, “We know that all children in every community are at risk of sexual abuse and exploitation and with new technologies they are vulnerable to being groomed online from their bedrooms. The evidence from our services supports growing concerns about a rise in child criminal exploitation, often, linked to gangs, drugs, serious violence and sexual abuse.

We must have a multi-agency approach, which recognises the interconnected nature of the threats facing children. Children forced into criminal activity, must not, be criminalised but treated as victims and given support, which prioritises their safety, recovery and future outcomes.”

Actress and Barnardo’s Supporter Ms Lesley Sharp, is a key speaker at the parliamentary reception. Ms Sharp has starred in the BBC drama ‘Three Girls’ about the Rochdale child abuse scandal. She said, “The drama ‘Three Girls’ showed how children were not believed and were treated as criminals, rather than the victims they were.

Children, who have been forced into illegal activities through fear or blackmail should not be criminalised. They must be recognised as victims and given the right support.”

Barnardo’s Ambassador and Actor Mr Chris Harper, who played child abuser Nathan Curtis in Coronation Street, said, “I’m proud to be a Barnardo’s Ambassador and back its vital work supporting thousands of vulnerable children and young people throughout the UK. Television has an important and powerful part to play in highlighting how children are criminally and sexually exploited.

More, must be, done to tackle the threats facing children by online groomers and criminal gangs. Children, who have been forced to undertake illegal activity by gangs, must not, be criminalised. They should be recognised as victims and given support including safety and recovery for their future.”

Mr Harper will be joined by his wife and Actress Ms Emily Bowker, Television Presenter Ms Sonali Shah and Barnardo’s Ambassador and former Girls Aloud Singer Ms Nicola Roberts.

Ms Roberts said, “I have heard some harrowing stories about child exploitation and been moved by how brave the victims are in overcoming their ordeals. Barnardo’s has a vital role in helping young people recover and putting them on a path to a future, that they can look forward to.”

Examples of Barnardo’s services, which support children, who have been criminally exploited, are the You Turn service in London, an anti-gang project, which delivers group work in schools and the community with boys and girls at risk of becoming involved in criminal gangs.

Another, Boys 2 Young People, funded by the Home Office, identifies boys and men, who have experienced abuse and trauma and who, may be, at risk of developing harmful sexual behaviour or being criminally exploited.

About Barnardo’s: Last year 301,100 children, young people, parents and carers were supported by Barnardo’s through more than 1,000 services across the UK, such as, young carers, care leavers, foster carers and adoptive parents, training and skills or parenting classes. We work to transform the lives of the UK’s most vulnerable children and every year we help thousands of families to build a better future. But we can not do it without you. :::ω.

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An Investigation of a Sociological Nature of a Serious Crime to Ensure Matters are Understood and Lessons are Learnt to Enhance System and Mechanism to Prevent It Happening Again

|| June 15: 2018 || ά. In October 2017, the Government of Finland appointed an independent investigation team referred to in the Safety Investigation Act to investigate the stabbings, that occurred in Turku on August 18, 2017. The investigation team was tasked with investigating an exceptional event in accordance with the Safety Investigation Act. An exceptional event refers to a very serious event, that was not an accident and which resulted in death or that threatened or seriously damaged the basic functions in society.

The independent investigation team has now completed a safety investigation of the stabbings. The investigation team submitted its investigation report to Mr Antti Häkkänen, Finland Minister of Justice on June 10. The investigation was conducted in accordance with the procedure of the Safety Investigation Authority and it examined the course of events, their causes and consequences, rescue actions and actions taken by other authorities.

The actions of the police, emergency medical services, the Finnish Security Intelligence Service and the Finnish Immigration Service, as well as, psychosocial support were examined in the investigation, among other things. Social media was examined separately. The purpose of a safety investigation is to improve safety, which is why questions related to legal liability were not addressed.

In its report, the investigation team gives nine safety recommendations in order to prevent similar attacks, minimise damages and improve safety in the future.

The investigation team recommends that: i: the Finnish Immigration Service and the Ministry of Justice ensure that the average total processing time of asylum decisions and appeals lodged against them in administrative courts be shortened from the current average of 01.5 years. The accelerated procedure should be applied whenever the law allows this. An asylum matter should be processed in an expedited manner, if, the applicant is considered to pose a threat to safety.

A swift negative decision is, often, better for the applicant than an unclear situation, that continues for a long time. During the wait for a decision, it is, usually, difficult for the asylum seeker to adapt and integrate into Finnish society, which, may, lead to an increased risk of Islamic radicalisation. Persons, who have lost their dignity and direction in life are sought-after targets for determined and skilfully implemented brainwashing and recruitment for violent Islamic extremism.

ii: The Finnish Immigration Service make use of all reasonable means available to establish the identity and age of asylum seekers. This requires that the Immigration Service develop its procedures. Possible means include a special examination of this question during the asylum interview, utilisation of the forensic age assessment and requesting of information from the applicant's home country in cases, where the threat against the applicant is not posed by the home country. The perpetrator of the stabbings had given a false name and age upon arrival in Finland and the authorities had not been aware of this before the stabbings took place.

iii: The Ministry of the Interior ensures that an advisory service be established in connection with the Finnish Immigration Service or some third-sector actor. The service could be contacted by persons, who have questions or concerns related to asylum seekers. The service provider should be familiar with and have close connections to the key co-operation partners, such as, the police, religious communities and different entities providing assistance and it would be tasked with providing advice and guiding help-seeking persons to appropriate services and authorities. The advisory service should be marketed efficiently, for example, at reception centres, among religious communities, on the internet and in face-to-face encounters with asylum seekers.
For more than six months before the stabbing, persons close to the perpetrator had observed with concern that the perpetrator was showing increasing interest in radical Islamism and Daesh’s propaganda. Especially, the early signs of radicalisation, appearing before any offences have been committed, can best be identified by people present in the everyday life of the radicalised person.

Asylum seekers are one of the key groups at risk of becoming radicalised. It is important to provide people close to asylum seekers with a low-threshold channel for expressing their concerns and asking for advice. In the case investigated, the only concrete information, that had reached the authorities before the attack was a tip-off received in January 2017. The act could not, however, be prevented, even, though this information was forwarded to three different organisations: the local police, the National Bureau of Investigation and the Finnish Security Intelligence Service.

iv: During the investigation, it became clear that the work being carried out to prevent radicalisation is under-resourced and incoherently organised. Therefore, the investigation team recommends that the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health explore how the financing, guidance and supervision of NGOs necessary in the prevention of radicalisation should be arranged to enable these organisations to carry out their activities nationwide and on a long-term basis. Authorities and other relevant actors should be made well aware of the services provided by these organisations so that they could refer persons in need of assistance to them.

v: The National Police Board and the Finnish Security Intelligence Service should together agree on clear procedures to be followed in the prevention of radicalisation. These procedures should encompass a sufficient amount of observation and trust building among people and communities and they should enable authorities to guide people in the process of becoming radicalised to the relevant services in time.

During the initial stages of radicalisation, it is, often, some other actor than the police, that plays a crucial role in the prevention of further progress, for example, healthcare services, social services, reception centres, NGOs, friends and family members and religious communities.

It, also, turned out in the investigation that authorities have, somewhat, divergent views of leadership in situations involving a number of authorities. Such situations require close and efficient co-operation and mutual communication between the involved authorities. All actors must be active, understand the overall situation, share up to date information on the situation and take account of the duties and needs of the other authorities.

vi: The Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health harmonise their leadership and communication practices in situations involving a number of authorities so that all necessary authorities can and will be actively involved in sudden major incidents. The key actors in this respect are emergency response centres, police, rescue services, emergency medical services and social services, including, psychosocial support.

vii: The Ministry of the Interior and the Emergency Response Centre Administration develop new means to quickly warn the population in case of emergencies. It would be effective to send warnings as text messages and through dedicated applications, e.g, 112 Suomi application, to the mobile phones of all those in the vicinity of an incident.

In the case investigated, the police caught the perpetrator in three minutes after the stabbing had begun. Thus, there was no time nor need to issue an emergency warning. Emergency warnings broadcast on television and on the radio are not suitable for quick situations like this.

viii: As for the Government Situation Centre, the investigation team recommends that the Centre agree with administrative branches on procedures to be followed to secure a smooth and fast flow of situational information from the administrative branches and subordinate agencies to the Government Situation Centre for the purposes of forwarding the information to the state leaders and other administrative branches.

In the case investigated, there was some room for improvement in the flow of information to the Government Situation Centre and in the formation and sharing of situation awareness. Heads of Preparedness did not convene for a meeting as no reason for this was seen, although, there was, initially, no certainty of whether the situation would continue. The Government did convene due to the incident.

ix: The Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health prepare provisions under which the police and healthcare professionals are obliged to disclose information on the identities of victims and their close relatives to providers of psychosocial support in case of accidents and violent crime.

In the case investigated, actors providing psychosocial support had difficulties to obtain information on the identities of the victims and their close relatives, which prevented them from providing these persons with support immediately after the incident. It turned out in the investigation that the legislation does not contain any provisions under which the police could disclose victims' personal data to actors providing psychosocial support.

The investigation team was headed by Mr Kai Valonen, Chief Safety Investigator of the Safety Investigation Authority. The investigation team members were Mr Mika Hatakka, PhD in Psychology, Mr Vesa Lind, Chief Physician, Intensive and Intermediate Care Unit, Ms Marja Nyrhinen, Head Co-ordinator of Immigration Affairs, Mr Olli Ruohomäki, Visiting Senior Fellow, Ms Tarja Wiikinkoski, Director at the Regional State Administrative Agency and Mr Kari Ylönen, Master of Philosophy. The Head of Communications of the Safety Investigation Authority, Mr Sakari Lauriala, acted as a communication specialist in the team.

Inquiries: Kai Valonen, Head of Investigation Team, tel. + 358 295 150 707: :::ω.

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Immigrant and Disadvantaged Children Benefit Most From Early Childcare

|| June 07: 2018: UCL News || ά. Attending universal childcare from age three significantly improves the school readiness of children from immigrant and disadvantaged family backgrounds, a new UCL study has found. However, the research by the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration, shows the same universal childcare, only has a modest impact on the school readiness of children from advantaged backgrounds.

The study, which looked at German school entry exam data, also, shows that immigrant children and children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend childcare at age three. The research will be published in the forthcoming Journal of Political Economy. “Attending universal childcare from age three nearly eliminates the difference between immigrant and native children, when it comes to readiness for school.

Yet, despite this clear educational benefit, children from immigrant and disadvantaged backgrounds, are substantially less likely to enter early childcare.” said study Co-author Professor Christian Dustmann, Director of CRAM at UCL Economics.

There are several factors, that help to explain why children from immigrant and disadvantaged families are less likely to attend childcare, despite high gains. Parents from immigrant and lower socio-economic backgrounds, may be, more critical of preschool programmes and, may not, be adequately informed about the positive effects of early childcare attendance.

Cost is, also, a factor, as fees relative to household income tend to be higher for families from low socio-economic backgrounds. In addition, universal childcare, may be, more popular among native parents from higher socio-economic backgrounds as they are more likely to work and, therefore, use childcare to replace home care.

Although, conducted for Germany, the study has important implications for a reform recently introduced in England that expanded free childcare for three and four year olds from 15 to 30 hours per week, but only for children of working parents.

The research suggests that this policy is unlikely to draw those children into childcare, who would benefit the most and, may, therefore, not succeed in improving children’s outcomes.

“Tying access to free childcare to mothers’ employment status, as recently implemented in England, may, well incentivise mothers to return to work and, thereby, promote gender equality.

However, it, may not, draw those children into childcare, who would benefit the most.” Said study Co-author Dr Anna Raute at the Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.

The research is based on administrative data from compulsory German school entry examinations for the years 1994 to 2002. The authors exploit a large expansion in childcare places during the 1990s caused by a German reform, which entitled every child to a highly-subsidised part-time childcare place from the third birthday until school entry, in order to identify a causal relationship. ::: ω.

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New Study on Mortality Finds: Europe Has Been More Resilient Than the US to the Financial Crisis

|| June 06: 2018 || ά. European countries have been more successful than US in avoiding an aggravation of health inequalities due to the 2008 financial crisis. This is the conclusion of a study published by Lifepath, a project funded by the European Commission, which investigates the biological pathways underlying social differences in healthy ageing. Health inequalities between different socio-economic groups are a highly persistent phenomenon, despite having been the focus of public health policy in many countries.

Since the early 2000s, the United States has experienced a rise in the so-called ‘deaths of despair’ among low educated middle-aged white Americans, as a result of rising rates of suicide and poisonings, partly due to an epidemic of misuse of opioid painkiller drugs. The multidisciplinary team of Lifepath experts tried to see, if, similar trends occurred, also, in Europe. The researchers, led by Professor Johan Mackenbach, of Public Health at the Erasmus University Medical Centre in Rotterdam, collected data on mortality from 1980 to 2014 for 17 countries.

The data covered 09.8 million deaths and on self-reported morbidity, which is a condition of disease, disability or poor health, from 2002 to 2014 for 27 countries. This covered 350,000 survey respondents. And they found that, in contrast to the United States and despite the occurrence of an economic crisis, health of the low educated in Europe has improved in recent years, while health inequalities have sometimes narrowed.

‘’As the negative consequences of economic crises are likely to strike harder on the most disadvantaged, it is important to assess the health effects by socio-economic group.’’ said Professor Mackenbach. ‘’Our study shows that, despite the recession, most European countries have experienced an improvement of the health of the low educated in recent years. In Eastern Europe, this, even, represents a reversal as compared to previous decades.’’

In most Western European countries, mortality has steadily declined among both the low and the high educated without visible signs of a trend interruption due to the 2008 financial crisis, despite the very real increases in unemployment and poverty, often, accompanied by cuts to social security and health services.

‘’We think that the underlying trends were too powerful to be derailed and the short-term effects of the crisis on people’s living conditions were too weak and too well-buffered to be translated into wide-spread health risks.’’ said Professor Paolo Vineis, at the Imperial College of London and Leader of the Lifepath Project.

Also, the effects of the economic crisis on people’s health risks were, probably, mixed, because some risks, such as, the stress of being laid off or having financial debts, increased, contributing to a rise of the suicide rate, whereas other risks, such as, the risk of dying in a car crash or of excessive drinking, declined.

In several Eastern European countries, particularly, Hungary, Lithuania and Estonia, a trend reversal has occurred: after a dramatic increase due to the political and economic transformations following the collapse of the Soviet Union, mortality has started to decline among the low educated.

These changes have been attributed to a combination of long-term declines in smoking, improvements in health care, dietary changes, road traffic safety measures and alcohol control policies.

The massive investments in infrastructure in these countries, supported by the European Commission, may, also, have helped. ‘’This is, probably, our most remarkable finding, as such an inversion has not been reported before.’’ said Professor  Mackenbach. ‘’It seems that mortality-lowering policies have, finally, also, reached the low educated. This means that inequalities by socio-economic position need to be monitored when new health strategies are being implemented.’’

About Lifepath: Lifepath is an EU-funded project aimed to provide updated, relevant and innovative evidence for the relationship between social disparities and healthy ageing to lay ground for the development of future health policies and strategies. Lifepath experts develop an original study design, that integrates social science approaches with biology and big data analysis, using existing population cohorts and omics measurements. ::: ω.

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Professor Jeanette Winterson to Deliver the Dimbleby Lecture at the Houses of Parliament Being Broadcast on BBC One: At 10:45 Today

|| June 06: 2018: University of Manchester News || ά. The University of Manchester’s academic of New Writing, Professor Jeanette Winterson is to deliver the annual Dimbleby Lecture today, Wednesday, June 06. The Dimbleby Lecture is to be given at the Houses of Parliament, in the Robing Room at ‘the UK Upper House’ and is introduced by Mr David Dimbleby. The Lecture will be broadcast at 10.45pm on BBC One contemporaneously. And The Humanion would expect her to raise this very issue and question as to why on earth this House is still being called the House of Lords!

And raise this question as to why the members of these two British Houses of Parliament still tolerate this state of affairs that this House is still called as such and they accept it. The award-winning writer and acclaimed author of Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit, will become the 42nd speaker of the annual lecture given in honour of British broadcaster Richard Dimbleby. It has been delivered by an influential and distinguished speaker, almost, every year since 1972. Previous speakers include the Prince of Wales, Mr Bill Gates, Mr Bill Clinton, Mr Terry Pratchett, Baroness Lane-Fox and Ms Christine Lagarde.

Professor Winterson will be the sixth woman to deliver the lecture since its inauguration. In 2006, Professor Jeanette Winterson was awarded an OBE for services to literature. She was appointed Professor of New Writing at the University of Manchester in September 2012.

100 years on from the first women in the UK securing the right to vote and 60 years since women could be members of the House of Lords for the first time, Professor Jeanette Winterson’s Dimbleby Lecture will examine the recent campaigns promoting the equality of women and explore what can be learnt from the Suffragette movement a century ago.

Professor Winterson says, “I am delighted to be asked to give this year’s Dimbleby Lecture. I want to address how historically women have been outside of the clubs and boards, outside of the promotions and pay rises, outside of the mainstream, outside of our own bodies, struggling with weight, shape, fashion, attractiveness, threats, trolling, violence of every kind. And how in 2018 we are beginning to celebrate women on the inside.”

Professor Alessandro Schiesaro, Head of School of Arts, Languages and Cultures at The University of Manchester, says, "Jeanette Winterson's books and her contributions to public national conversations, now through the Dimbleby Lecture, remind us of how much creative artists are essential to the life of the nation. Professor Winterson has been integral to the University of Manchester's ‘Creative Manchester’ project and to the successful bid for Manchester to become a UNESCO City of Literature; she is an inspiring and revitalizing figure for generations of writers and readers."

Captipn: Image: University of Manchester::: ω.

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Society Make a Meal of It: Charity Coalition Launches Community Meal Resource to Tackle Loneliness Amongst Older People

|| May 30: 2018: || ά. A coalition of faith based charities have formed ‘Christians Together Against Loneliness’ to tackle isolation amongst older people. The partner organisations backing the resource include: Livability, The Salvation Army, Linking Lives UK, Pilgrims Friend, Torches Trust, Parish Nursing Ministries UK, Care Home Friends and The Gift of Years. The coalition is launching a resource, called, ‘Make A Meal Of It’, which supports churches and local agencies to run a community meal with older people. Why do community meals make a difference? In recent years, community meals have grown in popularity.

Events, such as, ‘The Big Lunch’ or ‘The Great Get Together’ have provided new opportunities to make contact with people, offering opportunities for new contacts and friendships. The aim of ‘Make A Meal of It‘  will have a particular focus on mobilising churches to connect with older people on the margins. With over 50% of those aged 75 living alone, older people are at greater risk of isolation.  41% of people aged 65 and over in the UK feel out of touch with the pace of modern life and 12% say they feel cut off from society. Working for ongoing relationship and not just one off contact. ‘Make a Meal of It’ offers a fresh take on the community meal by challenging churches to plan to build relationships on an ongoing basis and avoid offering just a ‘one-off’ event.

For many elderly people, who are battling with isolation, creating connections takes time, trust and confidence. Make A Meal Of It is focused on a longer term view in befriending and providing support.

The resource helps groups think about developing the voice and involvement of those, who are coming.  The pack contains advice for every stage of the process, ideas on how to plan the meal, who to involve, how to connect, creative ideas on the day and ideas for follow up.

Churches are encouraged to think how a meal could involve a broad range of people from the community at a day where everyone gets to take part.

‘’A community works best, when it’s made up of people from many different backgrounds. We’re keen for a wide range of people to come along to a meal where they can celebrate life together, old and young.

It’s important that no-one feels ‘labelled as lonely’ but instead knows they are being invited to be part of something that is good for everybody.’’ said  Ms Corin Pilling, Deputy Director Public Engagement Livability.

‘’Many older people have lost contact with their community and, may, only, have weekly interaction with the outside world.  We see the churches’ role as central to help to people thrive in their later years, knowing they are valued and have something to offer.  

A community meal is a great start but we, also, want churches to think of ways they can keep up the relationship beyond the day.’’ said Mr Jeremy Sharpe, Director, Linking Lives UK

Go get the resource visit the Livability website ::: ω.

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A Teacher Does Not Do the Learning for the Learners But Enables Them to Take Leadership of Their Own Learning: And the Teacher Provides the Guiding-Inspiring Faith That She:He Has Complete Faith and Confidence in the Learners Abilities to Be Able to Do So

|| May 12: 2018: University of Eastern Finland News || ά. Different types of maternal homework assistance have a different impact on the child’s way of completing school assignments in grades two to four of elementary school, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Jyväskylä. Although, all homework assistance, presumably, aims at helping the child, not all types of homework assistance lead to equally positive outcomes. Researchers in the longitudinal First Steps Study found that the more opportunities for autonomous work the mother offered the child, the more task-persistent the child’s behaviour.

In other words, the child later worked persistently on his or her school assignments, which encouraged mothers to offer more and more opportunities for autonomous working. However, when the mother provided assistance by concretely helping the child, the less task-persistent the child’s later behaviour. This, in turn, made mothers offer more and more help. These associations between different types of maternal homework assistance and the child’s task-persistent behaviour remained, even, after the child’s skill level was controlled for. “One possible explanation is that when the mother gives her child an opportunity to do homework autonomously, the mother, also, sends out a message that she believes in the child's skills and capabilities.

This, in turn, makes the child believe in him or herself  and in his or her skills and capabilities.” said Associate Professor Jaana Viljaranta from the University of Eastern Finland. Similarly, concrete homework assistance, especially, if, not requested by the child, may, send out a message that the mother doesn’t believe in the child’s ability to do his or her homework.

The findings, also, indicate that task-persistence is a mediating factor between different types of maternal homework assistance and the child’s academic performance. This helps to understand some earlier findings on how some types of maternal homework assistance predict better academic performance than others. When the mother offers the child an opportunity for autonomous working, the child will work persistently, which leads to better development of skills.

If, however, the mother’s homework assistance involves plenty of concrete help, the child will work less persistently, leading to poorer development of skills. “It is important for parents to take the child’s needs into consideration, when offering homework assistance. Of course, parents should offer concrete help, when their child clearly needs it. However, concrete help is not something, that should be made automatically available in every situation, only, when needed.”

Associate Professor Viljaranta. The First Steps Study is an extensive longitudinal study, carried out by the University of Jyväskylä, the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Turku. The study examines student learning and motivation among approximately 2,000 children from kindergarten onwards. Children currently participating in the study are in secondary education.

For further information, contact: Jaana Viljaranta, Associate Professor, University of Eastern Finland, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, tel. +358 50 325 6093: email: jaana.viljaranta at Marja-Kristiina Lerkkanen, Professor, Director of the First Steps Study, University of Jyväskylä, Department of Teacher Education, tel. +358 40 805 3347: email: marja-kristiina.lerkkanen at

The Paper: Maternal homework assistance and children's task-persistent behavior in elementary school. Learning and Instruction: Viljaranta J, Silinskas G, Lerkkanen M. K, Hirvonen R, Pakarinen E, Poikkeus A. M and Nurmi J.E: 2018 ::: ω.  

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Cancer: Society: Media: What Is and What Is Seen and What Is Shown




|| April 29: 2018: University of Glasgow News || ά. Older adults are largely obscured in the media representation of cancer and cancer experience, despite over three quarters of all cancers in the UK diagnosed in those aged over 60. The research, led by the University of Glasgow and funded by Cancer Research UK, found that articles featuring personal cancer stories more frequently focused on younger people. The research, which is published in BMC Public Health, found that only 15% of non-celebrity cancer stories in the media were about people over 60. Similarly, 64% of personal stories describing celebrities with cancer were, typically, under age 60.

The study examined and analysed 800 newspaper articles about the four most common cancers, breast, prostate, lung and colorectal, published within eight UK national newspapers from 2003-2004 and 2013-2014 to provide longitudinal comparative snapshots. In the UK, the incidence of each of the ‘top four’ cancers is strongly correlated with increasing age, with a third of all cancers diagnosed in those over 75. However, the study found that age was mentioned as an associated risk factor in only 12% of all articles examined and discussed in, only, 02.5% of them.

Lead author Dr Sara Macdonald, Senior Lecturer in Primary Care at the University of Glasgow, said, “Age is a risk factor for cancer, yet, we know older people, commonly, underestimate this risk, are less likely to be aware of the early symptoms and are more likely to be diagnosed with cancer at a late stage.

Our findings are concerning because we know the media is a key influence on the public’s understanding and awareness of health issues, including, cancer risk, such as, in the cases of Jade Goody and Kyle Minogue, both of which resulted in increased screening uptake. As older adults are underrepresented in cancer stories, they, may, miss out on information, which could mobilise them to take up screening or seek help.”

The study, also, found the proportion of articles, that mentioned age as a risk factor decreased significantly by 14% in articles about breast cancer, which was the most common focus of articles overall, 64.3%, despite lung cancer being responsible for the largest proportion of deaths.

Age was most frequently reported in relation to prostate cancer and least often in articles about lung cancer. Family history and genetics together featured as the most common risk factors, with family history most commonly associated with breast cancer, diet with bowel cancer and smoking with lung cancer.

Dr Macdonald said, “Our study found that risk more generally received little attention. And, yet, some risk factors received undue emphasis, the most common being family history for breast cancer, despite its accounting for fewer than 05% of all breast cancers.” In the UK, cancer survival outcomes are markedly different compared to comparable countries in Europe, Canada and Australia and poorer outcomes in the UK are, at least, in part, attributable to later stage diagnoses.

Dr Macdonald said, “The reasons for poorer outcomes are complex but, may, include reluctance to visit the doctor or seek help. But the overall picture of cancer amongst older adults could be improved. We hope our findings contribute to informing the development of future cancer awareness campaigns and media guidelines, as it’s important for older adults to appreciate their risk and speak to their GP when they have concerns about new changes or symptoms.”

Ms Victoria Steven, Cancer Research UK Spokesperson in Scotland, said, “Raising awareness of the different factors, that increase people’s risk of cancer is crucial, if, we are to achieve our goal of preventing more cancers, diagnosing the disease early and treating it more successfully. 

It’s vital that people understand that their risk of cancer increases as they get older. Cancer Research UK works hard to be representative and evidence-based in its own communications and we are proud of the work we do with patients and people affected by cancer to seek their opinions and input into both our communications and our research. There are always improvements to be made in the way that health messages can be communicated and research like this can help to identify how to do this.”

The Paper: Mass media and risk factors for cancer: the under-representation of age’ is published in the BMC::: ω.

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Regine Humanics Foundation Begins Its Journey Today: The Humanion Is Now A Regine Humanics Foundation Publication

|| April 06: 2018 || ά. The Humanion was first published on September 24, 2015 and has been run, since that day, on a complete voluntary basis without any 'formal' or 'constituted' manner or form and, it was run on as a Human Enterprise, which is an idea of Humanics, in which, ownership is replaced by belongingship and, thus, in a Humanical Society, no one owns anything but everyone belongs to the whole as the whole belongs to everyone lawfully and equally and, it neither believes in nor makes money but human utilities, needs, aspirations, creativity, imagination and dreams are served without money, where everyone works and creates for all others as all others create and work for all others, thus, bringing in meaning and purpose to life along with it come natural justice, equality and liberty, that establish a true civilisation within the Rule of Law. And in one word, this system of human affairs management is called, Humanics and a society that runs itself in humanics is called a humanical society. Today, we have begun the process of 'constituting' this Human Enterprise, which does not exist in the current system, but the next closest thing to it, that exists in the UK Law is Social Enterprise. Therefore, today, Friday, April 06, 2018, we are beginning Regine Humanics Foundation, that is the 'Agency', that will lead, run, manage and develop everything, that The Humanion has been trying to do.

Regine Humanics Foundation is established by the Thinker, Author, Poet, Novelist, Playwright, Editor of The Humanion, Festival Director of London Poetry Festival and a Humanicsxian: hu: maa: neek: tian: One, that believes in, lives and exists by Humanics, Mr Munayem Mayenin, of London, England, United Kingdom. Mr Mayenin says, ''Humanics is a vision; people, may, call it, utopia, we, call it our Humanicsovicsopia; Humanics. Humanics is our philosophy, our faith, our conviction, our resolution, our way of existing, thinking, being and doing: to seek and try to do so in the determination that all we must do and be is to exist to advance the human condition. People, readers and agencies and organisations, from all across England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and the whole of the United Kingdom and Australasia, Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, from all walks and strata of life, have supported our endeavours, supported The Humanion and The Humanion Team, who volunteered their time to run things, since the beginning of The Humanion and long before that, when other things, that are now part of The Foundation, were developing. Nothing has changed in terms of the nature and value of what we have been seeking to do.''

''But the founding of The Foundation brings it all in a solid foundation so that we can keep on building this 'vision' so that it keeps on going regardless of who come to take the vision-mission of The Foundation forward. The Foundation runs along with time and along with the flowing humanity. This is the dream, this is the vision, this the hope in founding this Foundation. And, in this, we hope and invite all our readers, supporters, well wishers and all agencies and organisations to support our endeavours to build something, a Human Enterprise, which we are in the process of registering as a Social Enterprise, as a Community Interest Company, working for the common good of the one and common humanity. No one makes or takes profit out of The Foundation, which now runs The Humanion and everything else, that is part of it. The Foundation, once registered, will have an Asset Lock, which means that in any event, should The Foundation dissolve itself, all its existing assets shall go to a similar Social Enterprise. Therefore, we invite everyone to support The Foundation, support The Humanion in whatever way they can. And, there are endless number of ways people and organisations can support The Foundation and The Humanion.'' ::: ω.

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When Will Humanity and All Societies Learn to Accept That Humans are Not Colours and Ethnicities: No One Can Show Humanity the Colour of the Human Soul:Mind:Brain:Will: There is Only One Flowing Human-Genome and There is Only One Flowing and Evolving Humanity and It Shall Forever Be As Infinitely Diverse as Mother Earth's Physical Conditions Are So and So Long They Live Within Natural Powers of Gravity Weather Ecology and the Sun


|| April 06: 2018: University of Helsinki News: Terhi Hautamäki Writing || ά. ''People are being stopped on the street, based, solely, on their skin colour.'' says Professor Suvi Keskinen, who has studied ethnic profiling. ''The police stop random passers-by to inspect their papers but it’s, always, a specific group of people. The security guard at the shopping centre follows people like these, not others. At airport security, they are the ones flagged for a random spot check, again. This is ethnic profiling.'' says Professor Suvi Keskinen. According to Finnish law, the police can not stop people, based, solely, on the colour of their skin or on an ethnic or religious characteristic. However, this does not mean that it does not happen.

Being repeatedly singled out is a humiliating experience and can erode trust in the authorities. Targeted people feel that they are labelled as criminals with no fault of their own. They, may, start to feel that they are not part of society at all. The police monitor aliens in Finland and people are, often, stopped and asked to show their papers, particularly, around Helsinki’s Central Railway Station, metro stops and Kaisaniemi Park. However, the monitoring seems to, particularly, target people of colour, whether resident aliens or not. When a crime is suspected, the police, may, stop a passer-by on very flimsy grounds. This veers into ethnic profiling, if, skin colour, for example, becomes such a prominent topic of attention that other characteristics, such a,  height, age or general features are pushed aside.

“Our material features situations, where the description of a suspect is ‘young man with dark skin’ but older men have, also, been stopped based on the colour of their skin. Police officers often state that this is not accepted procedure. However, the situation, may be, different in practice.” says Professor Keskinen.

According to Professor Keskinen, the most flagrant problems people complained about were found in the behaviour of guards and other security staff. The groups with the most negative experiences were people of Somali or Middle Eastern descent or eastern European immigrants, most of whom are Romani. “Many said that security guards were, often, rude and treated them roughly, even, violently.”

Police undergo longer training than security staff and this training provides better skills for interacting with different people. Professor Keskinen believes that it is fair to expect more from the police: they are representatives of the Finnish government and exercise public authority, so it is, particularly, problematic, if, people feel that they can not trust the police.

During the research project, an article was published on the rampant racism in and internet group for police. Journalist Mr Kati Pietarinen wrote a piece in Long Play, an online publication platform dedicated to investigative journalism, detailing how police officers in the group would share news from fake media and make derogatory comments about Muslims and people of African descent. Some, even, joked about the attempted suicide of an asylum seeker.

“Some of the officers, who were interviewed for the project mentioned the use of racist language but, most of them, naturally, wanted to portray their professional community in the best possible light.” says  Professor Keskinen. Professor Keskinen was herself an immigrant in the 1980s in Sweden. She was active in the peace movement and in the anti-apartheid movement. That is when the researcher found the basis for her political opinions and interests.

She previously studied violence experienced by immigrant women and how the police, social workers and women’s shelters worked with them. Racism and immigrants are not easy topics in this day and age, even for an academic researcher. Those, who speak about these issues in public, often, become targets of harassment. Professor Keskinen says that she has not received threats.

She believes that the best thing for a researcher to do is to ignore the hate speech and steer clear of discussion forums. “I’m happy to participate in civil debate but the feedback is, typically, less than civil and not worth my time. First of all, we should recognise and admit that this is a problem, that exists in Finland.” says Professor Suvi Keskinen.

Equality issues should be covered in the training of police and security staff. Another helpful thing would be the establishment of an organisation, that would help people recognise illegal treatment and support them, if, they want to raise the issue. Police should not be stopping random people on the street at all. Not only is it discriminatory, the practice is a relatively ineffective method of monitoring people.

One positive thing is that current legislation unambiguously forbids ethnic profiling and the issue is being addressed.” says Professor Keskinen. On the other hand, it’s possible that police will start to use euphemisms to continue ethnic profiling as before. Some officers have reported that police leadership continues to encourage them to inspect people, who look 'foreign'. The implication can be that we can’t say it but we are still going to do it.”

Professor Suvi Keskinen has been studying racism, ethnicity and equality throughout her academic career. At the end of last year, she was appointed Professor of Ethnic Relations at the University of Helsinki’s Swedish School of Social Science. She heads the three-year research project The Stopped. Launched in 2015, the project is funded by the Kone Foundation. Project members include researchers  Aminkeng Atabong Alemanji, Markus Himanen and Antti Kivijärvi.

This is the most extensive study of ethnic profiling in Finland thus far. The researchers interviewed 145 people and conducted a survey of young representatives of the majority populace and linguistic minorities. They, also, consulted members of the police and other experts. In addition to research articles, the project has produced journalism and comics.

Professori Suvi Keskinen: suvi.keskinen at ::: ω.

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The Lake Eden Eye





The Window of the Heavens Always Open and Calling: All We Have to Do Is: To Choose to Be Open, Listen and Respond




Imagine a Rose-Boat

Imagine a rose floating like a tiny little boat on this ocean of infinity
And raise your soul-sail on this wee-little boat and go seeking out
All along feed on nothing but the light that you gather only light
Fear shall never fathom you nor greed can tempt nor illusion divert
For Love you are by name by deeds you are love's working-map



Only in the transparent pool of knowledge, chiselled out by the sharp incision of wisdom, is seen the true face of what truth is: That what  beauty paints, that what music sings, that what love makes into a magic. And it is life: a momentary magnificence, a-bloom like a bubble's miniscule exposition, against the spread of this awe-inspiring composition of the the Universe. Only through the path of seeking, learning, asking and developing, only through the vehicles and vesicles of knowledge, only through listening to the endless springs flowing beneath, outside, around and beyond our reach, of wisdom, we find the infinite ocean of love which is boundless, eternal, and being infinite, it makes us, shapes us and frees us onto the miracle of infinite liberty: without border, limitation or end. There is nothing better, larger or deeper that humanity can ever be than to simply be and do love. The Humanion









Poets' Letter Magazine Archive Poetry Pearl

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The Humanion Online Daily from the United Kingdom for the World: To Inspire Souls to Seek

A Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd Publication: Support The Foundation

At Home in the Universe : One Without Frontier. Editor: Munayem Mayenin

All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom: Contact Address: editor at thehumanion dot com

First Published: September 24: 2015

The names, some without images, and the images used on the Home Page of The Humanion of these astonishing human  beings, a tiny representation of the human endeavours, whose lives and works not only enriched and enhanced humanity in the past but will continue to do so in the future. The images and names are placed in random order. This is meant to be our effort to create a 'portrait of humanity' and we hope you take it as such. And let this be an open invite to everyone to learn more about these names and their works.

The Humanion Online Daily at Home in the Universe: One Without Frontier: To Inspire Souls to Seek