The Humanion Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18
September 24: 2017-September 23:2018
 
The Arkive
First Published: September 24: 2015
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Society  Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18

Year Gamma 2017-18 || October || November || December ||

September 24: 2017- September 23: 2018

The Humanion

 

Society Arkive Year Gamma 2017-18  || October || November || December ||

 

Attempted Suicide in the Young is Related to Dramatically Reduced Life Expectancy

 

|| December 21: 2017: Karolinska Institutet News || ά. The life expectancy of 20-year-olds, who have tried to commit suicide is 11 to 18 years shorter, depending on gender. People, who have been treated for attempted suicide or suicidal behaviour have a much shorter life expectancy and, usually, die of non-suicide-related causes, a new study from Karolinska Institutet and Umeå University published in the scientific journal Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica reports. “Suicide is, of course, very common in this vulnerable patient group but a deeper analysis shows that the excess mortality is largely attributable to non-psychiatric diseases.” explains Professor Jussi Jokinen, Psychiatrist at Umeå University and researcher at Karolinska Institutet’s Department of Clinical Neuroscience.

“We, also, found significant gender differences in life expectancy, especially, in the younger patients.” he said. The researchers studied over 185,000 individuals in care for self-harming behaviour between 1970 and 2010. Their results show that 20-year-old men, after their first attempted suicide, had a remaining life expectancy that was a full 18 years shorter than the rest of the population; the corresponding figure for women was 11 years. For 50-year-olds who had made their first suicide attempt, the reduction in life expectancy for men and women was 10 and 8 years respectively. If the first suicide attempt was not made until the individual’s 70s, the reduction in remaining life expectancy was about 4 years for both sexes.

By way of comparison, in Sweden in 2016, newborns have a life expectancy of 80.6 years, boys and 84.1 years, girls. 50-year-olds have a remaining life expectancy of 31.9 years, men and 34.9 years, women.

The study shows that actual suicide caused a smaller proportion of deaths in those, who had been admitted into care for attempted suicide or self-harming behaviour. A more common cause of death was disease.

“Our results reveal a lack of equal treatment whereby psychiatric patients don’t seem to receive the care they need.” says principal investigator Dr Rickard Ljung, docent at Karolinska Institutet’s Institute of Environmental Medicine.

“Our previous research has shown that psychiatric patients receive poorer treatment for their non-psychiatric disorders and diseases.”

The study was financed by the Swedish Society of Medicine’s Söderström-König Foundation. ω.

The Paper: Life expectancy after the first suicide attempt: Jussi Jokinen, Mats Talbäck, Maria Feychting, Anders Ahlbom and Rickard Ljung: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, online December 14, 2017

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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A Chap Keeps Blowing Hammer Blows on a Giant Wall and Someone Watching It Says: This is Not Going to Do Anything to That Giant Structure: Is This a Rational Conclusion: Does It Not Eradicate the Principle of Causality Altogether: We Can Not Act Without That Act Bringing Causal Consequences: Here's the Lifepath Evidence: Social Adversity May Accelerate Biological Aging

 

|| December 12: 2017 || ά. Social and economic adversity, especially, in early life, may, accelerate the biological aging process, but such an effect is reversible. The biological age of individuals living in poor socioeconomic circumstances is, on average, one year higher than that of people raised in better social environments. This is what emerges from the study conducted by an international team of researchers of Lifepath, a project funded by the European Commission to investigate the biological pathways underlying social differences in healthy ageing.

According to a study they published in Scientific Reports, the aging acceleration effect of low socioeconomic conditions was comparable to that estimated for obesity, unhealthy diet and alcohol consumption. Of the known risk factors analysed, only smoking showed a higher effect on biological aging. Poor socioeconomic circumstances are associated with lower life expectancy and earlier onset of age-related chronic conditions, but the biological mechanisms, that mediate this association are still not fully understood. To shed light on these processes, Lifepath researchers performed a series of analyses on more than 5,000 individuals from Australia, Ireland and Italy, using some indicators known as epigenetic clocks to estimate whether an individual is experiencing accelerated or decelerated aging.

In fact, the biological age of most tissues and cell types can be assessed by measuring the level of DNA methylation, which is the addition of a methyl group to the DNA molecule, in particular parts of the genome called CpG sites. Such a process occurs naturally and represents one of the main ways of regulating gene activity, but its speed and intensity, may, vary, depending on several internal and external factors.

“The estimation of ageing acceleration based on DNA methylation is, at the moment, the best biological age predictor., says Dr Giovanni Fiorito, Post Doctoral Fellow at the Italian Institute for Genomic Medicine and leading author of the study. “It correlates well with the chronological age, is higher in individuals, that have an unhealthy lifestyle, in those with chronic diseases, and predicts mortality.”

Lifepath researchers measured individuals’ epigenetic clocks and compared them with some indicators of their socioeconomic conditions, such as, level of educational attainment, occupational position, household income and a deprivation index. They found that the biological age of people from lower socioeconomic environments is, on average, one year higher than that of people of the same chronological age but who live in better social circumstances.

Yet, such an effect is not irredeemable. Individuals whose childhood socioeconomic conditions were low and remained low in adulthood experienced an accelerated aging compared to those, that managed to improve their social and economic circumstances during the course of life.

To this regard, the relationship between the social environment and biological aging seems to be particularly responsive to early life social influences. Probably because, as shown by recent studies, the effects of early life exposures to better social and economic conditions, may be, memorised by our cells through a series of epigenetic modifications, including, DNA methylation, that can be sustained for decades.

“Our study adds another piece to the puzzle of understanding the biological mechanisms, that, may, link social adversities to age-related diseases and longevity.”, concludes Dr Fiorito. “Further, we provide evidence that early life social environment leaves an epigenetic signature on our DNA, that is, at least, partially reversible by improving social and lifestyle conditions.”

This is the largest study investigating the relationship between social adversity and epigenetic clock in peripheral blood in adults. Its results confirm previous observations, that socioeconomic conditions are a determinant of health that goes beyond the major risk factors for diseases, like smoking or obesity and, may, involve independent biological mechanisms.

“One of the central objectives of the Lifepath project is to draw out the implications of the scientific findings for policy interventions to reduce inequalities.'' comments Professor Richard Layte, of sociology at the Trinity College Dublin and one of the authors of the study. “Whilst social and economic disadvantage at any point in life is damaging to health, our findings suggest that policy should seek to protect the living standards of families with young children.”

While most policies targeted at poverty are focused on adults, such as, the unemployed or workers with low incomes, some of them also cover infancy. Lifepath findings, may, thus, have very important implications for public health policies, as they suggest that earlier interventions are likely to pay greater dividends than interventions later in life.
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The Only Way for One to Get Out of Darkness Is to Create and Light Up a Candle: Education: A Farhana Choudhury Finds Out and Stands Recognised

 

|| December 09: 2017: University of Manchester News || ά. A University of Manchester student has been placed among the best in the world for her research project, which investigated how women in Asia are using literacy as a way of protecting their families from disease and poor living standards. Ms Farhana Choudhury was a global winner in the ‘education’ category at the Undergraduate Awards, an international competition described as ‘the junior Nobel Prize’, which is entered by thousands of students from around the world. Her entry was a paper, entitled, 'A discussion of literacy as a vehicle which enables women from urban Afghanistan and rural Nepal to overcome societal challenges and participate in society’ and she was honoured for her achievement alongside other participants from the University of Manchester at a ceremony on December 05.

The University, also, had ten highly commended entrants in the Undergraduate Awards this year, who along with Ms Choudhury, beat off competition from thousands of their peers around the world. This has had the effect of reducing child mortality as women are able to make their own life decisions and put them into effect, which includes the increased involvement in the health of their children. She, also, found that literacy enabled empowerment amongst women, who, ordinarily, would have been cast aside. Women, also, utilised literacy to overcome societal challenges, such as, the ban on female education imposed by the Taliban by setting up secret underground schools in their homes.  Ms Choudhury, who is from Oldham, was studying an undergraduate degree in BA Hons in English Language for Education at the time of the project and has now progressed to a master’s degree MEd Psychology of Education.

The University of Manchester's other highly recommended entrants are: Business: Mr Alexandros Kyriacou: Critically analyse Prison Sourcing from various stakeholder perspectives: Business: Mr Oliver Lloyd: Joseph Joseph: An Application of Rae's Entrepreneurial Management Model to Joseph Joseph Ltd: Computer Sciences: Mr Andrei Muntean: Deep Reinforcement Learning: Economics: Mr Mas Ari Amry A Rahman: The Impacts Of Volunteering On Employment: Education: Ms Zahra Mohmed Khan: The role of touch screen technology for fostering emergent literacy development in the home environment: Life Sciences: Ms Ella Murray: Constructing an agrA mutant in Listeria monocytogenes for the investigation of survival in soil microcosm environments:

Politics and International Relations: Ka Yan Chong: How does the CCP ensure its dominance over the state: Politics and International Relations: Ms Kira O'Donoghue: Why has there been a resurgence and emergence of the Ku Klux Klan and Tea Party: Social Sciences: Anthropology and Cultural Studies: Mr Oliver Lloyd: 'Island-mess': Questioning the Authenticity of Food Production on Gozo in relation to 'Islandness: Social Sciences: Sociology and Social Policy: Wing Man Sherita Tam: The Hybridized Imagery of Postcolonial Hong Kong: A Challenge to Said’s Orientalism. To carry out her research, Ms Choudhury used statistics and official reports to find out how women were learning to read and write in these countries so that they could access healthcare information and knowledge relevant to their social realities and improve their lives.

She said, ''I didn’t know much about these countries, when I started my project but I wanted to find out how, in societies, which are often male-dominated, women are using literacy to improve their lives and the ways in which literacy provides them with empowerment and freedom, that they have been denied.

My lecturer Dr Susie Miles was incredibly supportive and I spent a lot of time in the library using the resources there. There is a lot of emphasis put on research in this university and I really like that as I fully believe in the power research has to make the world a better place for those around us.”

Ms Choudhury has been inspired by her studies to take action closer to home. “I know this university is big on social responsibility and I am, too. I am in the process of starting a joint project with the Federation of Student Islamic Societies and the University of Manchester Islamic Society, where volunteers go into schools located in ‘socially deprived’ areas and try to inspire students to raise their aspirations.”

This year’s results continue Manchester’s strong run in the competition, which last year included two global winners and 11 highly commended entries. The award entries are co-ordinated through the Learning through Research initiative, which gives undergraduates the chance to get involved in research activities as part of a structured and supported learning process. It is co-ordinated by Professor Kersti Börjars, Vice-President for Teaching, Learning and Students.

Professor Clive Agnew, Vice-President for Teaching, Learning and Students , said, “This global award is a great achievement for Farhana and richly deserved. At the University we believe that we have to do our utmost to help support talented students like her to realise their potential. Building skills to research the subjects that they are passionate about is a very important part of that process.”
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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 Answer to Disconnections is Connections and Community: New Study Shows Therapeutic Impact of Neighbourliness on Dementia

 

|| November 07: 2017 || ά. New research is showing how being connected with their local community has reaped enormous benefits for people with dementia. Research Associate Ms Sarah Campbell, from the University of Manchester, says that familiarity with people in local shops, cafes and, even, on the street, was crucial to the participants of the study. '' Acts of kindness by neighbours like, taking the bins out each week, had a huge effect on their wellbeing.'' she said. The researchers, also, found that some people with dementia still had a valuable role in their neighbourhoods by ‘keeping an eye’ out, collecting newspapers and caring for grandchildren. We would, also, encourage the public to come along to our drop-in event on November 08 and record their own experiences and thoughts about neighbouring, neighbourhoods and day to day life in relation to dementia.''

A free drop in interactive event at the ESRC Festival of Social Science aims to inform the public on how people living with dementia experience everyday life in local places. The event is taking place at Manchester Central Library on Wednesday, November 08 between 11:00 and 15:00.  The research is part of a five year study, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and National Institute for Health Research. It is one of the first and largest studies to investigate how people living with dementia and their partners, experience their local neighbourhoods. 56 people, 29 with dementia and 27 Family carers, from across Greater Manchester were interviewed about their experience for the study. According to the research team, their findings will encourage others to think about people living with dementia currently thought to be 850,000 people.

The figure worldwide is 44 million people, which is set to treble to 135 million by 2050, according to Alzheimer’s Research UK. Ms Campbell said, “These findings together indicate how the neighbourhood operates through a series of links between people and place from the dementia café, to the local newsagents and the neighbour two doors down.

“Many people with dementia will be living independently in neighbourhoods and communities, with the support of family, friends, neighbours and formal and informal service provides. But understanding the nature of support available in neighbourhood settings is crucial to ensuring everyone affected by dementia is able to live life as best they can.

‘Routines and habit’ are, also, an essential part of everyday life in connecting people to their neighbourhoods and to others, such as using the same routes to walk the dog or visiting the same café or attending dementia peer support groups.

We’d like the public to, also, think about how they might be able to help people living with dementia in their own neighbourhoods and reflect on what it might be like to live in their own neighbourhoods with a diagnosis of dementia.”

People with dementia or memory problems, their carers and anyone, who is interested, can sign up to Join Dementia Research, an NIHR scheme designed to recruit participants for clinical research studies, that can help us understand what causes the disease, develop effective treatments, improve care and hopefully one day find a cure. People can find out more and register here.

The drop-in event is jointly organised by University of Manchester and University of Salford academics.

Case study quotes:

Ms Margaret, an 81 year old widow, living with dementia, told the team: “Next door…they are brilliant. I might not see them from one day to the next, but my daughter Joanne, she’s got their phone number and they’ve got mine and Kevin takes the bins out and brings them back for me when they need emptying.

Ms Marjorie, an 81 year old family carer, said: “Oh, yes. They chat with you and Abdhul’s family. Abdhul and his wife and their little boy and his father. He’s a lovely, lovely gentleman and they know us quite well, by name. Like one morning the papers arrived late and, of course, he arrived down to the house with it. He’s very nice. He’s lovely.”

Ms Lily, 82 year old woman, living with dementia, said about her neighbour: “Yes, I get her newspaper every day. It is too much for her to walk up here but she does do it, yeah, she’s...as old people go she’s really, really brilliant, 96. She’s...when I think about it I look after her like that. I think I’m one of the best on me legs and the neighbours always knock on my door I don't know why, it’s just dawned on me they do! And I am unofficially Ava’s carer.”

And Mr Dave, a 67 year old man, living with dementia, told the team about his regular coffee meets with local friends he has got to know over the years: “And then I…there’s the coffee machine in the square and I go and meet people there every Tuesday, Thursdays and Saturdays. And we have a coffee and a chat. I meet…there’s Laura and Tom and there’s Jemima, I meet during the week, when I bump in to her. She’s been very good to me…I can talk to her if I have any worries and that and she’ll sit and listen.”

About The University of Manchester: The University of Manchester, a member of the prestigious Russell Group, is the UK’s largest single-site university with 38,600 students and is consistently ranked among the world’s elite for graduate employability. The University is also one of the country’s major research institutions, rated fifth in the UK in terms of ‘research power’. World class research is carried out across a diverse range of fields including cancer, advanced materials, addressing global inequalities, energy and industrial biotechnology. No fewer than 25 Nobel laureates have either worked or studied here. It is the only UK university to have social responsibility among its core strategic objectives, with staff and students alike dedicated to making a positive difference in communities around the world. Manchester is ranked 35th in the world in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 and 5th in the UK. The University had an annual income of almost £01 billion in 2015:16.

The Economic and Social Research Council:ESRC: The Economic and Social Research Council:ESRC is the UK’s largest funder of research on the social and economic questions facing us today. It supports the development and training of the UK’s future social scientists and, also, funds major studies that provide the infrastructure for research. ESRC-funded research informs policymakers and practitioners and helps make businesses, voluntary bodies and other organisations more effective. The ESRC, also, works collaboratively with six other UK research councils and Innovate UK to fund cross-disciplinary research and innovation addressing major societal challenges. The ESRC is an independent organisation, established by Royal Charter in 1965 and funded mainly by the Government.

The ESRC Festival of Social Science takes place on November 04-11 with over 300 free events across the UK. The Festival, now in its fifteenth year, is designed to promote awareness of social science research by enabling scientists to engage with the public through debates, talks, workshops, seminars, film screenings, theatre, exhibitions and much more. The Festival is a unique opportunity for people to meet with some of the country’s leading social scientists and to discover more about the role research plays in their everyday life.
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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The World and Humanity Must Wake Up and Get Back to Teaching Showing Inspiring Our Children and Young People  How to Fall in and Stay in Love with Reading for Without That We are Falling Backward Into the Cave of Darkness: Finland Sets Up a National Literacy Forum to Challenge the Declining Literacy and People’s Willingness to Read

 

|| November 04: 2017 || ά. ''Literacy opens doors to self-knowledge, finding one’s own strengths and the development of one’s creativity and ingenuity. It is the prerequisite for one’s self development and active participation in societal affairs.'' says who? But the question is not says who but about what is said in the statement. Does it express, in the shortest possible expression, the paramount and vital necessity of reading and the role it plays in a human mind's development and how this determines how much and how far a humanity a human soul becomes in its life and how much and how far it exists so far as it relates to making that existence count? And, just reading this statement, a reader can not but see how much reading went into that mind to become what it has so that it can think and construct such thoughts and express these thoughts and communicate them with the urgency, that the subject matter demands and, at the same time, can express a deep love of that reading, that she has gained from having experienced it and being enriched in turn by that reading. Reading makes a person except they never understand how it does that making: reading's work is like time's work. The Mountain rises, day by day, by day, from the valley of the earth, where there was no mountain and no one sees a mountain rising until one day, many, many decades later, centuries later, it is just there!

Or think of the Mediterranean or think of the sea-level rising before our very eyes and a lot of the islands on earth will one day simply disappear into the water before our very eyes and, yet, while it had been happening we did not 'see' it happening. What one was before reading War and Peace or before reading Crime and Punishment or One Hundred Years of Solitude or the Grapes of Wrath or Theory of Relativity or Das Kapital can not ever be the same again. How does that work? Stopping reading or stopping loving reading means to a person what it means to a community, that leaves next to the Nile and it decided to block the Nile off all together so that it simply does not get any contribution from the bountiful gifts of the River Nile and, it will not take long for this entire community to simply perish away for no community can exist on the Nile without her bountiful gifts. It absolutely, surely and without a doubt will perish away, and will do so in a very short time. Without reading we leave ourselves to be nothing but 'bricks' without any prospect of ever 'developing' as a mind, a thinking entity, as a soul, that requires 'food', 'soul-food'. Rose of Sharon, may, not be what a soul needs, but in Grapes of Wrath she is the absolute metaphor of where the grapes of wrath simply will vanish into becoming a 'magic' of joy, of love, of nature, of compassion, of beauty, of humanity, of grace, of family, of out of the world kindness and humanity and the natural justice of mother nature. Brother Karamazov, may, not offer one a home with fountains and Florentine luxury but what it will do is to show the worth of existence, of suffering, of failing and faltering and of not faltering, not bending, not flinching and still seeking to go on.

Now, back to the quote: This was said by Ms Sanni Grahn-Laasonen, Finland's Minister of Education and Culture. And at the Ministry of Education in Finland has begun something profound today, that will be, should be, taken up as an inspiration around the world for the world and humanity must wake up and get back to teaching, showing, inspiring our children and young people  how to fall in and stay in love with reading for without that we are falling backward into the cave of darkness. Finland has begun a new initiative of taking up and dealing with the decline in reading. The Minister of Education and Culture has set a National Literacy Forum to challenge the declining literacy and people’s willingness to read. The Forum is tasked to draft guidelines to develop children’s literacy and interest in reading. The Forum gathers experts on literacy and other parties involved with the issue. An appropriation of one million euros is granted to the Literacy Forum. ''Signals regarding literacy and and people’s willingness to read are showing polarising tendencies and this is a worrying development. What is, especially, worrying is boys and children coming from an unprivileged background. We have to ensure that all children, irrespective of their background, receive literacy, that make them able to cope with life.'' says Ms Grahn-Laasonen. In the beginning of the millennium, Finland was one of the leading countries regarding studies on literacy. One of the special characteristics of Finnish young people, that sets them apart in all groups of students is their high performance.

However, the number of students, that exhibit poor reading skills has increased, while that of top readers has decreased. The literacy level of people less than 25 years of age is lower than that of a decade ago.

New technologies will change the everyday life, work and, inevitably, reading habits, In everyday life, each person will be faced with increasingly complex texts ranging from novels to social media updates. Readers should be able to understand all such texts and assess them critically. Such posts may include fake news disguised as information. The scope of literacy has expanded, and, therefore, today, we talk about multi-literacy skills.

Students’ background factors and attitudes increasingly determine their literacy level. The decrease in the knowledge level is particularly pronounced in boys with parents of a lower education level and few cultural interests at home. Girls, also, reported that they read clearly more than boys. In Finland, the the gap in literacy between boys and girls was widest in the OECD countries, in favour of girls. Parents play an important role in children’s literacy, before the time children learn to read. However, only one fourth of Finnish parents read for their children.

The Literacy Forum is tasked to draft guidelines to develop children’s literacy and interest in reading. The guidelines comprise of proposals for correcting aversive developments in the development of the interest in reading and literacy and for ensuring that all children and young people have a sufficient literacy for continuous learning and active life. An appropriation of one million euros is granted to the Literacy Forum.

Ms Sanni Grahn-Laasonen invited author Mr Juha Itkonen to chair the the Literacy Forum. ''A lot of valuable work is already being carried out in Finland to promote literacy and and reading skills. The new curricula emphasis multi-literacy skills, with the foundation being built in the early childhood education, Libraries, actors in the cultural fields and various organisations are performing a great deal.

'I hope that the Literacy Forum will gather this competence, making it our national task, According to research, parents, grandparents and families play a significant role in the development of positive attitudes and the foundation of literacy. While kindergartens, schools and educational institutions play an important t role; we need to involve the whole of Finnish society in the defence of education.'' says Ms Grahn-Laasonen.

The guidelines must be completed by August 31, 2018.

Inquiries: - Ministerial Adviser Ilkka Turunen, tel. +358 295 3 30321
Special Adviser Daniel Sazonov, tel. +358 45 129 6812:
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Political Economics 50 Woman-Leaders: Leading the Way: Until Half of All Leaders in Society are The Woman the Work Goes On of Challenging and Defeating Masochism and Misogyny

|| November 02: 2017 || Ms Karen Livingstone, Director of of national healthcare organisation, was today named as one of the leading and inspirational woman, part of a 50 such female leading figures named in the BioBeat report. Ms Livingstone is the National Director for SBRI Healthcare , an NHS Innovation programme run by the Eastern Academic Health Science Network. SBRI Healthcare has shown how to invest public funds for patient-benefits. The programme has invested £74 million of NHS England funding into over 200 innovations, that are transforming patient care, saving the NHS money and creating successful UK businesses.

SBRI Healthcare has evidenced impact on over 704,000 patients to date with the potential to impact 60 millions and economic value of over £200 million to UK economy. The BioBeat’s report of the 50 Movers and Shakers is a recognition of Mr Karen’s leadership in the field of patient care. Ms Karen Livingstone is, also, Regional Director of Partnerships, Eastern Academic Health Science Network, said, “It is exciting to be acknowledged in this BioBeat report of the top 50 women across Life Sciences and transform care for patients, as well as, delivering value to the economy.“

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Britain's Marginalised Youth Show a Sense of Purpose in Greater Numbers Than Youngsters in Mainstream Schools: New Research Finds

 

|| October 29: 2017: University of Birmingham News || ά. Greater numbers of marginalised young people report having a ‘sense of purpose’ in their lives, compared with those in mainstream education, according to a report out on October 26 by the University of Birmingham, Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues. The research sheds new light on the factors, that influence how young people from all backgrounds understand 'purpose' and what it means to live a 'good life'. The study found that 27.4% of non-mainstream pupils responded positively to statements regarding their life’s purpose, compared with 24.2% of pupils in mainstream settings. The project involved 3,250 young people from mainstream and non-mainstream, marginalised and non-marginalised, educational backgrounds.

Flourishing From the Margins, which includes participants from pupil referral units, youth offender institutions and other non-mainstream education providers, as well as, state secondary schools, shows that 'marginalisation' in education does not necessarily have a negative effect on how pupils understand their purpose in life. The research underlines the importance of 'circles of influence', both inside and outside the education system, on perceptions of what constitutes living a 'good life'. Participants, who were categorised as 'having purpose' were more influenced in their views by those close to them, including, friends and family, and especially, teachers and those in the wider community. This influence was widely perceived to be positive.

Mr Aidan Thompson, University of Birmingham, said, ‘This study has found that young people from marginalised backgrounds don’t see their circumstances as being disadvantageous to their sense of purpose. Where young people are engaging in non-mainstream education provision, a focus on character-led teaching can help aid this development of purpose and encourage young people to live a ‘good life.'' A film to accompany the report provides detailed insights into the educational journeys of young people in non-mainstream provision, including, their engagement with non-mainstream education and how they ended up outside the mainstream schooling system.

It, also, paints a positive picture of non-mainstream education, with participants highlighting how tutors support students, provide encouragement and 'speak to you on the same level'. A package of teaching resources, which was trialled as part of the project, has been launched alongside the report and film. The resources were inspired by the Jubilee Centre’s curricula for character education and featured lesson plans designed to help tutors discuss character strengths and how they affect perceptions of what it means to live a 'good life'.

In the Foreword to the report, Dame Kelly Holmes, founder of the Dame Kelly Holmes Trust, underlines the importance for all young people, whatever their background, of having opportunities to develop their character. Dame Kelly argues that teaching character and creating environments, that promote positive virtues is arguably more important today than it has been in a long time”.

The double-Olympic gold medal-winner believes character is central to young people leading positive lives and benefits local communities. The report is launched today at the University of Birmingham by Mr Ian Webber, Managing Director of Rathbone Training UK, the largest informal education provider in Britain.

Mr Webber said, ''Rathbone Training has supported this research because we believe that every person should have the opportunity to unlock their potential through learning and this report highlights some important findings around provision of education for marginalised and NEET young people, both of which we exist to serve.

Flourishing From the Margins was co-authored by Mr Aidan Thompson, Director of Strategy and Integration at the University of Birmingham’s Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues.

The University of Birmingham is ranked among the world's top 100 institutions. Its work brings people from across the world to Birmingham, including researchers, teachers and more than 5,000 international students from over 150 countries.

The Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues is a unique and leading centre for the examination of how character and virtues impact on individuals and society. The Centre was founded in 2012 by Professor James Arthur. Based at the University of Birmingham, it has a dedicated team of 30 academics from a range of disciplines, including: philosophy, psychology, education, theology and sociology.

With its focus on excellence, the Centre has a robust and rigorous research and evidence-based approach that is objective and non-political. It offers world-class research on the importance of developing good character and virtues and the benefits they bring to individuals and society. In undertaking its own innovative research, the Centre also seeks to partner with leading academics from other universities around the world and to develop strong strategic partnerships.

A key conviction underlying the existence of the Centre is that the virtues that make up good character can be learnt and taught. We believe these have largely been neglected in schools and in the professions. The Centre also holds a key conviction that the more people exhibit good character and virtues, the healthier our society will be. As such, the Centre undertakes development projects seeking to promote the practical applications of its research evidence. ω.

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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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New Research Aims to Improve Educational Policy Decisions
 

 

|| October 25: 2017: Michigan State University News || ά. Michigan State University has launched a new effort to improve K-12 education for students in the state and nation by delivering objective, timely research findings directly to decision makers. The Education Policy Innovation Collaborative:EPIC, is focused on building partnerships between researchers and state and school district leaders. EPIC researchers use pioneering data analysis to inform policies related to teacher quality, school turnaround and improvement, school choice and other key issues at stake in schools and communities.

The collaborative is funded in part by a $01.9 million grant from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation. “In keeping with MSU’s land-grant mission, EPIC was created as a new way for us to partner with policymakers across the state of Michigan, and ultimately, improve education for all kids.” said Mr Joshua Cowen, Founding Director and Associate Professor in the MSU College of Education. “We, especially, hope to provide evidence to inform decisions, that affect students in urban, rural and historically disadvantaged communities.” Mr Cowen is co-directing EPIC with Professor Katharine Strunk, who joined the MSU faculty this fall as a professor of education policy and the inaugural Dr. Clifford E. Erickson Distinguished Chair in Education.

The two have raised more than $09 million in grant funding over the past decade to support their research on policies related to education for children across the country. Professor Strunk is considered one of the leading experts in the nation on teachers’ unions and collective bargaining agreements.

She, also, brings considerable experience analysing the impact of major education reforms, including, No Child Left Behind, portfolio management models, school turnaround and teacher evaluation support programmes.

Professor Strunk comes from University of Southern California, where she was an associate professor in the Rossier School of Education and the Sol Price School of Public Policy. While expanding her research in Michigan and at least four other states, she will continue to work closely with the Los Angeles Unified School District, America's second largest, to analyse policies intended to help attract and retain high-quality teachers.

“EPIC offers an excellent opportunity to expand upon my previous research and bring it to scale at the state and national levels.” said Professor Strunk. She said that she was attracted to MSU by the outstanding reputation of faculty throughout the College of Education and across the university, who can lend multiple areas of expertise and research methods to the projects conducted by EPIC.

“We not only evaluate what works, but answer how, why and for whom, beginning with the neediest students.” Professor Strunk said. “In addition, we know that the labour market, human capital and education quality are interrelated and these relationships require holistic approaches to policy.

The most valuable analysis integrates these strands into a larger whole and creates a big picture approach to the research. There’s a real opportunity to do that work here with EPIC and at MSU.'' ω.

Image: Michigan State University

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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 Conflict Matters Conference 2017 in London: November 08-10

 

|| October 23: 2017|| ά. Conflict Matters Conference 2017 is taking place in London on November 08-10 at the British Academy, 10-11 Carlton House Terrace, London, SW1Y 5AH. The Conference aspires to be a productive dialogue in divided societies and it is about time such a serious and most necessary Conference is organised for creating such a platform and such a forum to discuss these challenging issues, that societies across the globe face in today's ever-volatile world.

Organised in partnership with the University of Cambridge and British Academy, this major European conference will focus on current societal tensions, and on the educational policies and practices needed to work with these in a constructive way. The Conference programme features contributions of Colin Crouch, Srecko Horvat, Tariq Modood, Saskia Sassen, Paulina Tambakaki, Brad Evans, Gert Biesta and many others.

The Conference brings together philosophers, political scientists and sociologists to discuss the place of conflict in contemporary democratic practices and institutions. The speakers will discuss the conflicts, that structure our societies, new political identities and forms of contestation and reflect on the institutions, space and practices needed to address these conflicts and struggles.

In response to the increasing discords and polarisation in today's societies, the Conference focuses on pressing educational challenges: teaching controversies, dealing with polarisation, decolonising education, addressing youth violence, working with communities, fostering political subjectivity and agency etc.
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Death is Not a New Thing But What is New is This: We Have Torn Ourselves Apart From Life Itself So Much That Death Now Seems Alien and Not Part of Life: Christian Perspectives on Death and Dying: New Online Resource for Social Debate and Discourse That Must Take Place Urgently: Launch Event in London: October 16

Palaeontology If You Can Time Travel: Where Would You Go: The Beginning and End Reside at the Same Place: So That Time Travelling One Comes Back to Find One's Whole Self Together Being as Now-Eternal

 

|| October 14: 2017 || ά. End of life decision making is becoming more complex with advances in medical technologies and in today's societies many of us will die without the ability to make those decisions for ourselves at the time. It is, therefore, increasingly recognised that we need to discuss approaches to death as individuals, families and society and that those discussions are important now. How can we encourage such reflection and explore 'Christian perspectives' on these issues? And how can churches help?

Monday, 16 October, sees the launch event for a new resource to support such conversations available the resource website. Based on a year-long ecumenical initiative, involving six conferences across England and Wales, the resource brings together recorded presentations from experts with practical, legal, medical and theological expertise to support clergy and congregations to learn about key issues and initiate their own discussions. Issues explored include how do people’s values, beliefs and religious faith inform their wishes about care at the end of life? What is an ‘Advance Decision’ and what are the different Christian perspectives on refusing life-prolonging treatment?

What are the social, ethical and theological debates around active ‘Assisted Dying? This ecumenical initiative, led by Cardiff University and funded by a small York-based charity, The Paristamen CIO, is being launched Monday evening in London. The free event will give people the opportunity to be introduced to the resource, meet those involved in producing it and learn about how it was created.

Professor Jenny Kitzinger, from Cardiff University, is an expert in the ethical and legal difficulties faced by families involved in end of life decision making. She said, “This new ‘Christian Perspectives on Death and Dying’ work is part of an international movement to address the challenges raised by 21st century medicine and reflect on the ethical and social issues we all face.

This resource offers an opportunity to reflect on value and beliefs and how they shape the choices we make. We hope the resource will provide crucial information about end of life choices and open up the conversation about death.”

The project has been co-ordinated by Dr Julie Latchem, a Neurological Physiotherapist and Social Scientist at Cardiff University. She says, “We were heartened by the level of interest from the Christian community. Many people told us they wished death was talked about more.”

Mr Gareth Morgan, Chair of Trustees at the Paristamen CIO, said, “Death and dying are central themes for Christians, raising profound ethical issues. But there can be a gulf between official church positions and those of ordinary Christians, which is why we offered funding for a project to promote wider engagement with these questions.
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Further information: Professor Jenny Kitzinger, Cardiff University Tel: 029 20874571: email: KitzingerJ at cardiff.ac.uk
Gareth Morgan, The Paristamen CIO Tel: 01904 788885: email: gareth at paristamen.org.uk

Biomedicojurisprudence World Palliative Care Day: Better Options Than Euthanasia: There is Humanity and There is Dehumanisation: Once Dehumanised Humanity Ceases as Humanity and Becomes Nothing But Mechanistic Robotical Physiologies: Humanity Must Stand Up and Fight Dehumanisation to Keep Its Humanity Safe

 

|| October 14: 2017 || ά. On October 14, the World Hospice and Palliative Care Day will draw attention to the importance of providing good care for the terminally ill. In the lead up to this day, human right groups warn of a push towards acceptance of euthanasia and assisted suicide as solutions for those suffering. Several European countries are considering to legalise euthanasia or assisted suicide. 'The numbers in Belgium and the Netherlands show that where euthanasia is legalised, it soon develops into a normalised option to end one’s life, that goes far beyond the terminally ill. What must happen across the world is simply this: the medical profession in all its forms and expressions, must rise up and offer a lead in this. Where is medicine when the entire practice of it is 'forced' by 'laws', that have neither the 'neurology' of ration nor the 'cardiology' of ethics to stand on, laws, that have no business venturing into a territory, that is not only beyond its competence, but also, beyond its 'ill-equipped abilities' to be able to offer workable solutions? And politicians, must accept and learn to simply stay away from legislating in this manner. For neither law nor politics has this competence to legislate over how, when, in what form or manner a human being arrives onto existence and having lived it, leaves it simply because these very things are beyond the competence of 'that very human being' and, therefore, it is beyond the competence of any other human or by any body:agency created by humans. This is on this simple reason: in a representative democracy, individuals are represented by their representatives but no one can represent someone for the 'powers', that they do not have themselves or for the powers, that they did not offer to be represented, i,e, personal morality.

Therefore, when politics and law venture into these areas they are absolutely entering, trespassing, encroaching, infringing and violating the areas, where they have no business to venture into. So far, sadly and unfortunately, the medical profession across the world has not shown this leadership. This has remained, as always, in their 'any other business' part of the agenda. And, in many countries, such as, the United Kingdom, where the health services have been nationalised so that states pay for their running budgets and, because of this, these states are, more and more, using this 'false-logic-of-that-who-pays-dictates-morality', dictates the manner in which medicine is practised in their National Health Service settings and it is creeping into medical jurisprudence and the entire practice of medicine and impacting not just these areas but the entire humanity. The world medical communities and professions can not but fail to take these issues absolutely seriously and lead a world movement against these 'legal but dangerous and unacceptable intrusions' by the states, that not only burdens medicine, but also, then makes it a party to 'taking human lives' and those human lives, that have been 'condemned' by society because it simply has accepted absolute dehumanisation and will not offer the 'sanctuary' of care for the 'last mile' of a vulnerable human being so that they are made to feel their life has not worth and they must end it.

And this movement must aim to get the United Nations to update the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, that absolutely, categorically and unambiguously, declares, as it has done with a right to life, an absolute right not to be 'killed' in ways and manners, that are practised by 'euthanasia' and clearly sets out that no legislature, government or state has the 'power' or 'authority' or 'competence' to legislate in any way to take this human right away from anyone. Until we reach this point, the entire world's humanity faces this dangerous practice spreading far and wide, and soon, all those deemed 'unworthy' of existence or living, will routinely and readily be 'put to sleep'. Dear Reader, please, just repeat reading the last sentence and hear how brutal, how inhuman, how heartless, how cruel and how desperately dehumanised this sounds! Who would want to be doctors or other professionals in medicine in societies, where one spends a major part of one's life to qualify to be a practitioner of medicine only so that they can take part in, 'effectively' taking human lives or, bluntly and truthfully, put, 'killing other humans, who are 'forced' to 'request' such a 'killing' because their society has 'effectively' condemned them to death. And, having done so, taking part in that 'killing' and they go home and eat and sleep and go out with their children and family to 'enjoy' life without this giving them any 'trouble'! What would that make them? What would that make us, the wider humanity, that is outside the practice and professions of medicine: that makes us all absolutely, utterly, comprehensively and without a point of return, dehumanised machines. Readmore

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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The 500th Anniversary of Reformation: St Andrews is Hosting an Array of Events Music and Art Exhibition in Celebrations Throughout the Month Building Up to October 31

 

|| October 03: 2017 || ά. A host of special events are being launched at the University of St Andrews to mark the 500th anniversary of the Reformation. October 31 marks five centuries since the event regarded as the start of the Protestant Reformation, when Martin Luther posted his 95 theses, attacking the practices and doctrines of the late Medieval Catholic church in Wittenberg, a University town in Eastern Germany.

St Andrews is the only place in the UK to be officially designated as a 'City of the Reformation' by the Community of Protestant Churches in Europe, that is leading the anniversary, so will play a leading role in the commemoration of the event, with special services, lectures, an exhibition and a concert being held later this month. Throughout this month, the University’s Reformation Studies Institute is hosting a series of open lectures on a variety of topics from theology to religious art, to how the new printing technologies enabled Luther’s message to spread and the role of Protestantism in Britain today.

The talks are open to all and will be taken by world experts in the area from the University’s Schools of History and Theology. BBC Radio Four’s service of Sunday worship will, also, broadcast live from the University’s Chapel at 08:10 on Sunday, October 22 with a special focus on the Scottish Reformation.

There will, also, be a special performance of Lutheran cantatas in the Chapel on October 10 by the University’s St Salvator’s Chapel Choir, with music taken from its recent collaboration with the Kellie Consort, which resulted in a new CD recording, that traces the development of Lutheran music in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The CD will be launched at the event.

The Museum of the University of St Andrews:MUSA, is, also, hosting an exhibition on St Andrews’ involvement in the Reformation, including, the painting Wishart’s Last Exaltation by Sir William Orchardson, depicting George Wishart blessing communion elements in a room in St Andrews Castle on the morning of his martyrdom in 1536.

This is believed to have been the first ever Reformed celebration of the sacrament in Scotland. Also, on display are an illustrated bible and Reformation pamphlets from the University’s Special Collections.

The culmination of the commemorative events in St Andrews will be an ecumenical service with a sermon by the former Archbishop of Canterbury, the Rt Revd Dr Rowan Williams, on Reformation Day itself, Tuesday, October 31 at 17:30 in the town’s Holy Trinity Parish Church, which will include participation from local churches and the University and will include great Lutheran hymns.

St Andrews can claim to be the birthplace of the Scottish Reformation, with four early Reformers having been put to death for their beliefs in the town, including, the first Scottish Protestant martyr, 24-year-old Patrick Hamilton, in 1527 and the last, 88-year-old Walter Milne, in 1558.

They are commemorated in the stark Martyrs’ Monument erected in 1843 on The Scores, overlooking the sea and refurbished in 2013. John Knox served as preacher to the Protestant nobles, who occupied the former bishops’ palace in the Castle and was captured by the French, who forced him to be a galley slave.

He subsequently preached a famously fiery sermon in Holy Trinity Parish Church on June 04, 1559, which, apparently, provoked his congregation to storm the Cathedral and strip it of its statues and ornaments.

For full information on the anniversary events visit the website.
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Stand Up: Challenge: Tear It Down to Dust: Everyday Sexism Founder Laura Bates Takes on Campus Sexism at the University of Liverpool: October 05

 

|| September 30: 2017: University of Liverpool News || ά. Founder of the Everyday Sexism Project, Ms Laura Bates is one of three speakers appearing at the Tackling Sexism on Campus event, on Thursday, October 05 at the University of Liverpool. The free event has been organised by Dr Zoe Alker, from the University of Liverpool’s Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology and Dr Andrew Davies from the Department of History. The Everyday Sexism project invites the public to share instances of sexism experienced on a day to day basis, with the aim of showing the world that sexism does exist, it is faced by women everyday and it is a valid problem to discuss.

This is not Ms Laura Bates' fight alone. Every human soul, regardless of whether they are male or female, can not but stand up and fight this sociological disease, called, sexism. Tackling Sexism on Campus takes place at 18:00 in the Eleanor Rathbone Lecture Theatre, Eleanor Rathbone Building. Tickets are free but booking is essential. If you wanted to change the world to make it better: stand up, challenge and tear it down: this rampant sexism. The world you will have created would be much better, much human and much more civil than the current world, where dehumanisation, particularly, the technological dehumanisation is drowning everything into sexism, which is rampant, intolerably virulent and absolutely unacceptable.

Joining Ms Laura Bates is University of York’s Dr Vanita Sundaram, who is Co-author of a pioneering report on ‘lad culture’ in higher education and Liverpool John Moore University’s Mr Stuart Taylor, Co-author of an important new study of sexual violence and attitudes towards consent among students. ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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New Report Finds More Than 50% Increase in Lung Cancer Cases Among Women in the Last Decade in Northern Ireland

 

|| September 24: 2017: Queen's University Belfast News || ά. New research from Queen’s University Belfast has showed the changing patterns of lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer death in women in Northern Ireland. The report, launched on September 15, shows the incidence of lung cancer diagnosed here was 1,226 cases per year and enables comparisons to be drawn across the UK and over time. The report indicates a 37% increase in the number of lung cancer cases diagnosed since 2006. The increase in cases of lung cancer in women was more than four times higher, 55% than the increase in men, 12%, over the last ten years.

Dr Anna Gavin, Director of the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry at Queen’s University Belfast, explains, “Lung cancer is a devastating disease with poor overall survival and the number of lung cancer cases continues to increase in Northern Ireland. The surge in cases can be attributed to risk factors, especially, historic tobacco use, but also, the ageing population. The proportion of patients over 80 increased from 12% in 2006 to 17% in this study. Twice as many men than women had lung cancer in 1996 but fast-forward twenty years and a similar number of men and women are being diagnosed. This is due to more men giving up smoking while conversely, more women are taking up smoking, the major cause of lung cancer.”

Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the developed world, and also, the most frequent cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Despite the increase in numbers, lung cancer services have demonstrated marked improvements over time, which have been accompanied by an increase in survival. The most successful treatment for lung cancer is surgical treatment, and while, not all patients are suitable for this treatment, surgery increased from 12% in 2006 to 15% in this study.

Early diagnosis can increase chances of survival. Symptoms include a persistent cough, a sudden change in a cough that you have had for a long time, unexplained weight loss, breathlessness and chest pain. The report found that while Northern Ireland fell below the UK average in some areas of lung cancer care, including, Lung Cancer Nurse Specialist assessment rates and 10% lower than the UK average for chemotherapy targets, Northern Ireland did score above average in other areas, including, scans offered to patients and anti-cancer treatment rates.

The report offers a number of recommendations to improve outcomes for patients with lung cancer including the need to invest more in smoking cessation and awareness campaigns to encourage early diagnosis.

Ms Sally Convery, winner of the 2017 Nurse of the Year, works with lung cancer patients, “It is unfortunate to see an increase in the number of lung cancer patients in Northern Ireland. However, we do welcome the report and this launch event, which brings together healthcare professionals and patients offering a unique opportunity to tackle this health issue and to work together to improve outcomes for patients.

While the prognosis for lung cancer is poor, we are confident that a newly introduced self-management programme with a focus on elements such as dietary advice and peer support, will further improve outcomes.”
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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